Sclerophrys capensis Tschudi, 1838



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Bufo rangeri Hewitt, 1935; Amietophrynus rangeri (Hewitt, 1935)


Conservation Status

Last record: 1818-1820

Rediscovered in 2015?



Lesotho, South Africa & Swaziland


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Tschudi, J. J. (1838). Classification der Batrachier, mit Berücksichtigung der fossilen Thiere dieser Abtheilung der Reptilien. Mémoires de la Société des Sciences Naturelles de Neuchâtel 2: 1-100.


Other references:

Bates, M.F. and Haacke, W.D. 2003. The frogs of Lesotho: diversity and distribution. Navorsinge van die Nasionale Museum, Bloemfontein 19: 101-158.

Channing, A. 2001. Amphibians of Central and Southern Africa. Cornell University Press, Ithaca and London.

Cherry, M.I. 1993. Sexual selection in the raucous toad, Bufo rangeri. Animal Behaviour: 359-373.

Cunningham, M. and Cherry, M.I. 2000. Mitochondrial DNA divergence in southern African Bufonids: are species equivalent entities? African Journal of Herpetology [2000]: 9-22.

Duméril AMC, Bibron G. 1841. Erpétologie générale ou Historie naturelle complète des Reptiles. Tome huitième. Paris: Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret.

Guibé J. 1950. Catalogue des types d’Amphibiens du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle. Paris: Imprimerie Nationale.

Hewitt J. 1935. Some new forms of Batrachians and Reptiles from South Africa. Records of the Albany Museum 4:283-357.

IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2013. Amietophrynus rangeri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T54745A3019598. Downloaded on 17 January 2016.

Minter, L.R., Burger, M., Harrison, J.A., Braack, H.H., Bishop, P.J. and Knoepfer, D. 2004. Atlas and Red Data Book of the Frogs of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. SI/MAB Series No. 9, Washington, D.C.

Ohler, A. and Dubois, A. (2016). The identity of the South African toad Sclerophrys capensis Tschudi, 1838 (Amphibia, Anura). PeerJ 4: e1553.

Passmore, N.I. and Carruthers, V.C. 1995. South African Frogs, 2nd Edition. Southern Book Publishers and Witwatersrand University Press, Johannesburg.

Pickersgill, M. 2007. Frog Search. Results of Expeditions to Southern and Eastern Africa. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main.

Poynton, J.C. 1964. The amphibia of southern Africa: a faunal study. Annals of the Natal Museum 17: 1-334.

Tandy, M. and Keith, R. 1972. African Bufo. In: Blair, W.F. (ed.), Evolution in the genus Bufo, pp. 119-170. University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas.

Visser, J. 1979. Calling and spawning dates of the south-western Cape frogs. Journal of Herpetological Association of Africa: 21-28.

Wager, V.A. 1986. Frogs of South Africa, 2nd edition. Delta Books, Craighall.


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