Rhinella rostrata (Noble, 1920)

Mesopotamia beaked toad



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Rhamphophryne rostrata (Noble, 1920)


Conservation Status


Last record: 1914

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)



Santa Rita Creek, Mesopotamia village, Colombia


Biology & Ecology




Known only from two preserved specimens.






Original scientific description:

Noble, G.K. 1920. Two new Batrachians from Colombia. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History [1920]: 441-446.


Other references:

Acosta-Galvis, A.R. 2000. Ranas, Salamandras y Caecilias (Tetrapoda: Amphibia) de Colombia. Biota Colombiana 1(3): 289-319.

Cochran, D.M. and Goin, C.J. 1970. Frogs of Colombia. United States National Museum Bulletin, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

Grant, T. 1999. Una nueva especie de Rhamphophryne (Anura: Bufonidae) de la Cordillera Central de Colombia. Revista Academia Colombiana Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales 23: 287-299.

Graybeal, A. and Cannatella, D.C. 1995. A new taxon of Bufonidae from Peru, with descriptions of two new species and a review of the phylogenetic status of supraspecific Bufonid taxa. Herpetologica 51(2): 105-131.

IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2017. Rhinella rostrata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T54881A85876308. Downloaded on 16 December 2017.

Lynch, J.D. and Renjifo, J.M. 1990. Two new toads (Bufonidae: Rhamphophryne) from the northern Andes of Colombia. Journal of Herpetology 24(4): 364-371.

Rivero, J.A. and Castaño, C. 1990. A new and peculiar species of Rhamphophryne (Amphibia: Bufonidae) from Antioquia, Colombia. Journal of Herpetology 24(1): 1-5.

Ruiz-Carranza, P.M., Ardila-Robayo, M.C. and Lynch, J.D. 1996. Lista actualizada de la fauna de Amphibia de Colombia. Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales 20(77): 365-415.

Trueb, L. 1971. Phylogenetic relationships of certain Neotropical toads with the description of a new Genus (Anura: Bufonidae). Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County - Contributions in Science 216: 1-40.


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