Rheobatrachus vitellinus Mahony, Tyler & Davies, 1984:155

Northern gastric brooding frog, Eungella gastric-brooding frog, Stream frog, Northern platypus frog, Northern platypus frog



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: March 1985 (Cattle Creek, Eungella N. P.)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Eungella National Park, mid-eastern Queensland, Australia


Biology & Ecology




Holotype: QM J42529

Paratype: R111733



A photo of a living individual can be seen in (Low & Booth, 2023:22).



Original scientific description:

Mahony, M., M.J. Tyler & M. Davies. (1984). A new species of the genus Rheobatrachus (Anura: Leptodactylidae) from Queensland. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 108(3): 155-162.


Other references:

Barker, J., G. C. Grigg, and M. J. Tyler. 1995. A Field Guide to Australian Frogs. Edition 2. Chipping Norton, Australia: Surrey Beatty & Sons.

Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, Sixth Edition. Reed New Holland, New South Wales.

Couper, P. 1992. Hope for our missing frogs. Wildlife Australia. Brisbane 1992: 10-11.

Covacevich, J.A. and McDonald, K.R. 1993. Distribution and conservation of frogs and reptiles of Queensland rainforests. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum [1993]: 189-199.

Cutajar, Timothy P., Portway, Christopher D., Gillard, Grace L. and Rowley, Jodi J. L. (2022). Australian Frog Atlas: Species’ Distribution Maps Informed by the FrogID Dataset. Technical Reports of the Australian Museum Online 36: 1-48.

Garnett, Stephen T., Hayward-Brown, Brittany K. et al. (2022). Australia's most imperilled vertebrates. Biological Conservation 270: 109561.

Geyle, Hayley M. et al. (2022). Red hot frogs: identifying the Australian frogs most at risk of extinction. Pacific Conservation Biology.

Hero, J.-M., Hines, H.B., Meyer, E., Morrison, C. and Streatfeild, C. 2002. New records of “declining” frogs in Queensland (- April 1999). In: Natrass, R. (ed.), Frogs in the Community - Proceedings of the Brisbane Conference 13-14 February 1999, pp. 23-28. Queensland Museum.

Hero, J.-M., Hines, H.B., Meyer, E., Morrison, C., Streatfeild, C and Roberts, L. 1998. New records of “declining” frogs in Queensland, Australia. FrogLog: 1-4.

Jean-Marc Hero, Keith McDonald, Ross Alford, Michael Cunningham, Richard Retallick. (2004a). Rheobatrachus vitellinus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. ( Downloaded on 10 February 2013.

Jean-Marc Hero, Keith McDonald, Ross Alford, Michael Cunningham, Richard Retallick. 2004b. Rheobatrachus vitellinus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T19476A8897826. Accessed on 30 June 2022.

Hoser, Raymond T. (1991). Endangered Animals of Australia. Mosman, NSW: Pierson & Co. 240 pp. [pp. 71]

Hutchinson, Mark N. and Maxson, Linda R. (1987). Biochemical studies on the relationships of the Gastric-brooding Frogs, genus Rheobatrachus. Amphibia-Reptilia 8(1): 1-11. [Abstract]

Ingram, G.J. and McDonald, K.R. 1993. An update on the decline of Queenslands frogs. In: Lunney, D. and Ayers, D. (eds), Herpetology in Australia: a diverse discipline, pp. 297-303. Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales, Mosman.

Ingram, G. J., A. E. O. Nattrass, and G. V. Czechura. 1993. Common names for Queensland frogs. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 33: 221-224.

Leong, A. S. Y., Tyler, Michael J. and Shearman, D. J. C. (1986). Gastric Brooding - a New Form in a Recently Discovered Australian Frog of the Genus Rheobatrachus. Australian Journal of Zoology 34(2): 205-209.

Low, Tim and Booth, Carol. (2023). GONE: Australian animals extinct since the 1960s. Invasive Species Council Inc.

Mahony, M., Tyler, M.J. and Davies, M. 1984. A new species of the genus Rheobatrachus (Anura: Leptodactylidae) from Queensland. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia: 155-162.

McDonald, K. R. (1990). Rheobatrachus Liem and Taudactylus Straughan & Lee (Anura: Leptodactylidae) in Eungella National Park, Queensland: distribution and decline. Trans. Roy. Soc. S. A. 114: 187-194.

McDonald, K. and Alford, R. 1999. A review of declining frogs in northern Queensland. In: Campbell, A. (ed.), Declines and Disappearances of Australian Frogs, pp. 14-22. Environment Australia, Canberra.

McDonald, K.R. and Tyler, M.J. (1984). Evidence of gastric brooding in the Australian Leptodactylid frog Rheobatrachus vitellinus. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 1984: 226.

McNellie, M. and J.-M. Hero. (1994). Mission Amphibian: the search for the missing rainforest frogs of Eungella. Wildlife Australia Magazine, Summer 1994: 22-23.

Meyer, E. A., Hines, H. B., Clarke, J. M. and Hoskin, C. J. (2020). An update on the status of wet forest stream-dwelling frogs of the Eungella region. The Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 125: 97-115. [Abstract]

Regalado, Pedro Galán. (2015). Los Anfibios y Reptiles Extinguidos: Herpetofauna Desaparecida Desde el Año 1500. Monografías de la Universidade da Coruña 155: 1-509.

Richards, S.J., McDonald, K.R. and Alford, R.A. 1993. Declines in populations of Australia’s endemic tropical rainforest frogs. Pacific Conservation Biology [1993]: 66-77.

Shea, Glenn M. and Sadlier, Ross A. (1999). A catalogue of the non-fossil amphibian and reptile type specimens in the collection of the Australian Museum: types currently, previously and purportedly present. Technical Reports of the Australian Museum 15: 1-91.

Stuart, S. N., M. Hoffmann, J. Chanson, N. Cox, R. Berridge, P. Ramani, and B. Young eds. 2008. Threatened Amphibians of the World. Barcelona, Spain; International Union for the Conservation of Nature, Gland. Switzerland; Conservation International, Arlington, Virginia, U.S.A.: Lynx Editions.

Tyler, Michael J. (1989). Australian Frogs. Victoria: Penguin Books Australia Ltd. [pp. 153-162]

Tyler, Michael J. (1997). The Action Plan for Australian Frogs. Canberra: Wildlife Australia.

Tyler, M. J., and F. Knight. 2009. Field Guide to the Frogs of Australia. Collingwood, Victoria, Australia: CSIRO Publishing.

Winter, J. and McDonald, K. (1986). Eungella, the land of cloud. Australian Natural History 22(1): 39-43.

Woinarski, John C. Z., Braby, M. F., Burbidge, A. A., Coates, D., Garnett, S. T., Fensham, R. J., Legge, S. M., McKenzie, N. L., Silcock, J L. and Murphy, B. P. (2019). Reading the black book: The number, timing, distribution and causes of listed extinctions in Australia. Biological Conservation 239: 108261.


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