Raorchestes chalazodes (Günther, 1876)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Ixalus chalazodes Günther, 1876; Philautus chalazodes (Günther, 1876); Pseudophilautus chalazodes (Günther, 1876)


Conservation Status

Last record: 1874 (1878)

Rediscovered in 2010 or 2011 (2003?)

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered



Kerala, India


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Günther, A. (1876). Third report on collection of Indian reptiles obtained by British Museum. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London [1876]: 567-577.


Other references:

S.D. Biju, Sushil Dutta, Karthikeyan Vasudevan, S.P. Vijayakumar, Chelmala Srinivasulu. (2004). Raorchestes chalazodes. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. ( Downloaded on 25 November 2014.

Bossuyt, F. and Dubois, A. (2001). A review of the frog genus Philautus Gistel, 1848 (Amphibia, Anura, Ranidae, Rhacophorinae). Zeylanica [2001]: 1-112.

Scheffers, Brett R., Yong, Ding Li, Harris, J. Berton C., Giam, Xingli and Sodhi, Navjot S. (2011). The world’s rediscovered species: back from the brink? PLoS ONE 6(7): e22531. [Supporting Information (Table S1)]

Seshadri, Kadaba Shamanna and Bickford, David Patrick. (2018). Faithful fathers and crooked cannibals: the adaptive significance of parental care in the bush frog Raorchestes chalazodes, Western Ghats, India. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 72(1): article 4. [Abstract]

Seshadri, Kadaba Shamanna, Gururaja, K. V. and Bickford, D. P. (2014). Breeding in bamboo: a novel anuran reproductive strategy discovered in Rhacophorid frogs of the Western Ghats, India. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. doi: 10.1111/bij.12388 [Abstract]


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