Pseudophilautus stellatus Kelaart, 1853

Kelaart's starry shrub frog, Spotted shrub frog, Pulli sahitha panduru madiya



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Philautus stellatus Kelaart, 1853; Polypedates stellata Kelaart, 1853; Rhacophorus (Rhacophorus) stellatus Kelaart, 1853


Conservation Status

Last record: 1853

Rediscovered in 2009



Nuwara Eliya, Sri Lanka


Biology & Ecology




The holotype is now sadly lost. However, (Wickramasinghe et al. 2013) designated a neotype to remedy this situation.






Original scientific description:

Kelaart, Edward Frederick. (1853). Prodromus faunae zeylanicae; being contributions to the zoology of Ceylon. Printed for the author, Colombo.


Other references:

Jeremy Hance. (2013). (March 07, 2013). Starry frog rediscovered after thought extinct for 160 years (photos). Available at:

Manamendra-Arachchi, Kelum and Meegaskumbura, Madhava. (2012). The Taxonomy and Conservation Status of Amphibians in Sri Lanka, pp. 88-98. In: The National Red List 2012 of Sri Lanka: Conservation Status of the Fauna and Flora. Weerakoon, D. K. and Wijesundara, S. (eds.). Ministry of Environment, Colombo, Sri Lanka. viii + 476 pp.

Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi, Rohan Pethiyagoda, Sushil Dutta, Anslem de Silva (2004). Pseudophilautus stellatus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. ( Downloaded on 17 February 2013.

Regalado, Pedro Galán. (2015). Los Anfibios y Reptiles Extinguidos: Herpetofauna Desaparecida Desde el Año 1500. Monografías de la Universidade da Coruña 155: 1-509.

Scheffers, Brett R., Yong, Ding Li, Harris, J. Berton C., Giam, Xingli and Sodhi, Navjot S. (2011). The world’s rediscovered species: back from the brink? PLoS ONE 6(7): e22531. [Supporting Information (Table S1)]

Wickramasinghe, L. J. Mendis et al. (2013). Lost and found: One of the world's most elusive amphibians, Pseudophilautus stellatus (Kelaart 1853) rediscovered. Zootaxa 3620(1): 112-128. [Abstract]

Wickramasinghe, L.J.M., D.R. Vidanapathirana, M.D.G. Rajeev, S.C. Ariyarathne, A.W.A. Chanaka, L.L.D. Priyantha, I.N. Bandara & N. Wickramasinghe. (2013). Eight new species of Pseudophilautus (Amphibia, Anura, Rhacophoridae) from Sripada World Heritage Site (Peak Wilderness), a local amphibian hotspot in Sri Lanka. Journal of Threatened Taxa 5(4): 3789-3920.

Wickramasinghe, L. J. M., Vidanapathirana, D. R. & Wickramasinghe, N., (2012). Back from the dead: The world’s rarest toad Adenomus kandianus rediscovered in Sri Lanka. Zootaxa 3347: 63-68.


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