Philautus adspersus Günther, 1872

Thwaites's shrub frog, Sri Lanka bubble-nest frog



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Ixalus adspersus Günther, 1872; Pseudophilautus adspersus (Günther, 1872) ; Philautus adspersus Inger In Frost, 1985


Conservation Status


Last record: c.1886 (Manamendra-Arachchi & Dutta, 2004)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Sri Lanka


Biology & Ecology




Only known from two specimens.






Original scientific description:

Günther, A. C. L. G. (1872). Descriptions of some Ceylonese reptiles and batrachians. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 4, 9: 85-88.

Other references:

Bossuyt, F. and Dubois, A. 2001. A review of the frog genus Philautus Gistel, 1848 (Amphibia, Anura, Ranidae, Rhacophorinae). Zeylanica 6: 1-112.

IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2020. Pseudophilautus adspersus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020: e.T58811A156580927. Accessed on 19 June 2022.

Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi, Sushil Dutta. (2004). Pseudophilautus adspersus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. ( Downloaded on 17 February 2013.

Krishnamurthy, S.V. and Sakunthala, K. 1993. Amphibian fauna of Sringeri Taluk (Chickaamagalure District: Karnataka). Journal of the Indian Institute of Science [1993]: 443-452.

Manamendra-Arachchi, Kelum and Meegaskumbura, Madhava. (2012). The Taxonomy and Conservation Status of Amphibians in Sri Lanka, pp. 88-98. In: The National Red List 2012 of Sri Lanka: Conservation Status of the Fauna and Flora. Weerakoon, D. K. and Wijesundara, S. (eds.). Ministry of Environment, Colombo, Sri Lanka. viii + 476 pp.

Manamendra-Arachchi, K. and Pethiyagoda, R. 2005. The Sri Lankan shrub-frogs of the genus Philautus Laurent, 1943 (Ranidae, Rhacophorinae), with description of 27 new species. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement: 163-303.

Regalado, Pedro Galán. (2015). Los Anfibios y Reptiles Extinguidos: Herpetofauna Desaparecida Desde el Año 1500. Monografías de la Universidade da Coruña 155: 1-509.


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