Peltophryne fluviatica Schwartz, 1972

Hispaniolan crestless toad



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Bufo fluviaticus Schwartz, 1972; Peltophryne fluviaticus Schwartz, 1972


Conservation Status


Last record: 1972 or before

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Schwartz, A. (1972). The native toads (Anura, Bufonidae) of Hispaniola. Journal of Herpetology 1972: 217-231.


Other references:

Hedges, S.B. 1993. Global amphibian declines: a perspective from the Caribbean. Biodiversity and Conservation 2(3): 290-303.

Hedges, S.B. 1999. Distribution of amphibians in the West Indies. In: W.E. Duellman (ed.), Patterns of Distribution of Amphibians. A Global Perspective, pp. 211-254. The Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore, Maryland.

Blair Hedges, Sixto Inchaustegui, Marcelino Hernandez, Robert Powell. (2004). Peltophryne fluviatica. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. ( Downloaded on 12 February 2013.

Blair Hedges, Sixto Inchaustegui, Marcelino Hernandez, Robert Powell. 2004. Peltophryne fluviatica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54639A11179710. Accessed on 07 July 2022.

Henderson, R.W. and Powell, R. 1999. West Indian herpetoecology. In: B.I. Crother (ed.), Caribbean Amphibians and Reptiles, pp. 223-226. Academic Press, San Diego, California.

Henderson, R.W. and Powell, R. 2001. Responses by the West Indian herpetofauna to human-influenced resources. Caribbean Journal of Science 37: 41-54.

IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2022. Peltophryne fluviatica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2022: e.T54639A3017021. Accessed on 23 July 2022.

Powell, Robert and Henderson, Robert W. (2012). Island lists of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History 51(2): 85-166. [considers this taxon possibly extinct]

Powell, R., Ottenwalder, J.A., Incháustegui, S.J., Henderson, R.W. and Glor, R.E. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of the Dominican Republic: species of special concern. Oryx 34: 118-128.

Powell, R. and Pregill, G. K. (1991). Peltophryne fluviatica. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 1991: 1-2.

Schwartz, A. and Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies: Descriptions, Distributions and Natural History. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, Florida.


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