Pedostibes tuberculosus Günther, 1875

Malabar tree toad, Warty Asian tree toad



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Nectophryne tuberculosa (Günther, 1875)


Conservation Status

Last record: before 1880

Rediscovered in 1980 (Pillai 1986)

IUCN RedList status: Endangered



Kerala, India


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Günther, A. (1875). Third report on collection of Indian reptiles obtained by British Museum. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London: 567-577. [published in 1876?]


Other references:

Biju, S.D. (2001). A Synopsis to the Frog Fauna of the Western Ghats, India. Occasional Publication: The Indian Society for Conservation Biology (ISCB), Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute, Thiruvananthapuram, India. 24pp.

S.D. Biju, Sushil Dutta, Robert Inger, Vivek Ashok Gour-Broome. (2004). Pedostibes tuberculosus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. ( Downloaded on 17 November 2013.

Dahanukar, N., A.D. Padhye, G.P. Salelkar & H.V. Ghate (2004). Aktueller Beleg fur die Malabar- Baumkrote, Pedostibes tuberculosus Günther, 1876, in Indien. Sauria 26 (3): 17-20.

Daniel, J.C. (1963). Field Guide to the Amphibians of Western India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 60(2): 415-438.

Das, I. and Whittakar, R. (1988). Geographical distribution. Pedostibes tuberculosus (Malabar tree toad). Herpetological Review 173.

Das, I. & R. Whitaker (1998). Pedostibes tuberculosus (Malabar Tree Toad) at Cotegao Wildlife Sanctuary, Goa. Herpetological Review 29(3): 173.

Dharwadkar, S., Bednarski, C., Inman, D. Mallapur, G. (2019). Malabar Tree Toad: Occurrence of Pedostibes tuberculosus from the Tillari, northern Western Ghats, Maharashtra, India. frog leg #137. In: Zoo’s Print 34(1): 18-20. [automatic download]

Dinesh, K. P. and Radhakrishnan, C. (2008). New site records of the Malabar Tree Toad, Pedostibes tuberculosus Günther (Amphibia: Anura: Bufonidae), in Western Ghats, India. Records of the Zoological Survey of India 108(1): 13-15.

Dinesh, K. P. and Radhakrishnan, C. (2013). Description of tadpole stages of the Malabar Tree Toad Pedostibes tuberculosus Günther, 1875 (Anura: Bufonidae). Journal of Threatened Taxa 5(14): 4910-4912.

Gururaja, K. V. and Ramachandra, T. V. (2006). Pedostibes tuberculosus, advertisement call and distribution. Herpetological Review 37(1): 75-76.

Inger, R.F., H.B. Shaffer, M. Koshy & R. Bakde (1984). A report on a collection of amphibians and reptiles from Ponmudi, Kerala, South India. Journal of Bombay Natural History Society 81(2): 406-427.

Pillai, R.S. (1986). Amphibian fauna of Silent Valley, Kerala, S. India. Records of Zoological Survey of India 84(1-4): 229-242.

Sayyed, A. & A. Nale (2017). New Distribution Record and Intergeneric Amplexus in the Malabar Tree Toad, Pedostibes tuberculosus Günther 1875 (Amphibia: Anura: Bufonidae). IRCF Journal Reptiles and Amphibians Conservation and Natural History 24. 193–196.


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