Oophaga speciosa (Schmidt, 1857)

Splendid poison frog



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Dendrobates speciosus O. Schmidt, 1857; Oophaga speciosus O. Schmidt, 1857


Conservation Status


Last record: 1992 (IUCN SSC ASG, 2020)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Schmidt, O. (1857). Diagnosen neuer Frösche des zoologischen Cabinets zu Krakau. Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe 24: 10–15.

Other references:

Edwards, M.W., Daly, J.W. and Myers, C.W. 1988. Alkaloids from a Panamanian poison frog, Dendrobates speciosus: identification of pumiliotoxin-A and allopumiliotoxin class alkaloids, 3,5-disubstituted indolizidines, 5-substituted 8-methylindolizidines, and a 2-methyl-6-nonyl-4 hydroxypiperidine. Journal of Natural Products: 1188-1197.

Ibáñez, R., Solís, F., Jaramillo, C. and Rand, S. 2000. An overview of the herpetology of Panama. In: J.D. Johnson, R.G. Webb and O.A. Flores-Villela (eds), Mesoamerican Herpetology: Systematics, Zoogeography and Conservation, pp. 159-170. The University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, Texas.

IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. (2020). Oophaga speciosa. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020: e.T55201A54344718. Downloaded on 23 June 2021.

Jungfer, K.H. 1985. Beitrag zur Kenntnis von Dendrobates speciosus O. Schmidt, 1857 (Salientia: Dendrobatidae). Salamandra: 263-280.

Myers, C.W., Daly, J.W. and Martinez, V. 1984. An arboreal poison frog (Dendrobates) from western Panama. American Museum of Natural History Novitates: 1-20.

Oostveen, H. 1981. Dendrobatidae from Central America (2). Lacerta: 30-31.

Savage, J.M. 1968. The dendrobatid frogs of central America. Copeia: 745-776.

Silverstone, P.A. 1975. A revision of the poison-arrow frogs of the genus Dendrobates Wagler. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County Science Bulletin: 1-55.

Frank Solís, Roberto Ibáñez, César Jaramillo, Querube Fuenmayor. (2010). Oophaga speciosa. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. ( Downloaded on 18 April 2015.

Young, B., Sedaghatkish, G., Roca, E. and Fuenmayor, Q. 1999. El Estatus de la Conservación de la Herpetofauna de Panamá: Resumen del Primer Taller Internacional sobre la Herpetofauna de Panamá. The Nature Conservancy, Arlington, Virginia.


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