Melanophryniscus macrogranulosus Braun, 1973



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Last record: 1960 (1973?)

Rediscovered in 2004

IUCN RedList status: Vulnerable



Torres, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Braun, P. C. (1973). Nova espécie do gênero Melanophryniscus Gallardo, 1961 do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil (Anura, Brachycephalidae). Iheringia [1973]: 3-13.


Other references:

Caorsi, Valentina Zaffaroni et al. (2014). Natural history, coloration pattern and conservation status of the threatened South Brazilian red bellied toad, Melanophryniscus macrogranulosus Braun, 1973 (Anura, Bufonidae). Herpetology Notes 7: 585-598.

Escobar, A., Maneyro, R., and Di-Bernardo, M. (2004). Rediscovery of Melanophryniscus macrogranulosus (Anura, Bufonidae), an endangered species of Amphibia from the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Biociências 12(1): 57-58.

Poli, Fernando et al. (2012). First Adult Rediscovery, First Recording of Call, and Ecological Notes for Melanophryniscus macrogranulosus (Braun, 1973), Brazil. FrogLog 100: 38-39.

Scheffers, Brett R., Yong, Ding Li, Harris, J. Berton C., Giam, Xingli and Sodhi, Navjot S. (2011). The world’s rediscovered species: back from the brink? PLoS ONE 6(7): e22531. [Supporting Information (Table S1)]

Débora Silvano, Paulo Garcia. (2010). Melanophryniscus macrogranulosus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. ( Downloaded on 10 January 2015.


<< Back to the Anura (Frogs and Toads) database