Litoria nyakalensis Liem, 1974:157

Mountain mistfrog, Mountain mist frog, Nyakala frog, Henrietta Creek treefrog



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Mosleyia nyakalensis (Liem, 1974:157)


Conservation Status

Extinct (Low & Booth, 2023)

Last record: November 1990 (Richards et al., 1993)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Queensland (north east), Australia


This species may (have) occur(red) on Goold Island and Hinchinbrook Island just off the mainland (Ecosure, 2009).


Biology & Ecology

"Ecology: tall forest, closed forest, lotic freshwater, arboreal, nocturnal, predator; riparian, arthropod-feeder."

(Cogger et al., 1983:47)



Holotype: QM J22624 (Cogger et al., 1983:47)

Type locality: "Henrietta Creek, Palmerston National Park, near Innisfail, Qld" (Cogger et al., 1983:47)



R37182 [ex DSL 6719]
R37181 [ex DSL 6174]



A photo of a living individual can be seen in (Low & Booth, 2023:26).



Original scientific description:

Liem, D. S. (1974). A review of the Litoria nannotis species group, and a description of a new species of Litoria from northern Queensland, Australia (Anura: Hylidae). Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 17(1): 151-168.


Other references:

Barker, J., Grigg, G. C. and Tyler, M. J. (1995). A Field Guide to Australian Frogs. Edition 2. Chipping Norton, Australia: Surrey Beatty & Sons.

Cogger, Harold G., Cameron, Elizabeth E. and Cogger, Heather M. (1983). Hylidae, pp. 35-51. In: Zoological Catalogue of Australia. I. Amphibia and Reptilia. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. vi + 313 pp. [p. 47]

Cunningham, M. (2002). Identification and evolution of Australian Torrent Treefrogs (Anura: Hylidae: Litoria nannotis group). Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 48(1): 93-102. [automatic download]

Cutajar, Timothy P., Portway, Christopher D., Gillard, Grace L. and Rowley, Jodi J. L. (2022). Australian Frog Atlas: Species’ Distribution Maps Informed by the FrogID Dataset. Technical Reports of the Australian Museum Online 36: 1-48.

Davies, M. and McDonald, K. R. (1979). A new species of stream-dwelling hylid frog from northern Queensland. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 103: 169-176.

Department of the Environment. (2015). Litoria nyakalensis in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: Accessed Tue, 27 Jan 2015 01:42:46 +1100.

Ecosure. (2009). Prioritisation of high conservation status of offshore islands. Report to the Australian Government Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. Ecosure, Cairns, Queensland.

Frank, N., and E. Ramus. 1995. Complete Guide to Scientific and Common Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of the World. Pottsville, Pennsylvania: N. G. Publishing Inc.

Garnett, Stephen T., Hayward-Brown, Brittany K. et al. (2022). Australia's most imperilled vertebrates. Biological Conservation 270: 109561.

Geyle, Hayley M. et al. (2022). Red hot frogs: identifying the Australian frogs most at risk of extinction. Pacific Conservation Biology.

Gillespie, G. R., Roberts, J. D., Hunter, D., Hoskin, C. J., Alford, R. A., Heard, G. W., Hines, H., Lemckert, F., Newell, D., & Scheele, B. C. (2020). Status and priority conservation actions for Australian frog species. Biological Conservation 247: 108543.

Jean-Marc Hero, Michael Cunningham, Ross Alford, Keith McDonald, Richard Retallick. (2004). Litoria nyakalensis. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. ( Downloaded on 10 February 2013.

Hero, Jean-Marc and Fickling, S. (1994). A Guide to the Stream-Dwelling Frogs of the Wet Tropics Rainforests. North Queensland: James Cook University.

Hero, Jean-Marc and Fickling, S. (1996). Reproductive characteristics of female frogs from mesic habitats in Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum. 39: 306.

Hoskin, C. and Puschendorf, R. (2013). Project 3.3 - Targeted surveys for missing and critically endangered rainforest frogs in ecotonal areas, and assessment of whether populations are recovering from disease. June 2013 Milestone Report. National Environmnetal Research Program (NERP) Tropical Ecosystems Hub.

Ingram, G. J., A. E. O. Nattrass, and G. V. Czechura. 1993. Common names for Queensland frogs. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 33: 221-224.

IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. (2022). Litoria nyakalensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2022: e.T12149A78434814. Accessed on 11 December 2022.

Low, Tim and Booth, Carol. (2023). GONE: Australian animals extinct since the 1960s. Invasive Species Council Inc.

McDonald, K. R. (1992). Distribution patterns and conservation status of north Queensland rainforest frogs. Queensland Department of Environment and Heritage, Conservation Technical Report 1: 51pp.

McKnight, D. T., Alford, R. A., Hoskin, C. J., Schwarzkopf, L., Greenspan, S. E., Zenger, K. R., & Bower, D. S. (2017). Fighting an uphill battle: The recovery of frogs in Australia’s Wet Tropics. Ecology, 98(12), 3221–3223.

Northern Queensland Threatened Frogs Recovery Team. (2001). Recovery plan for the stream-dwelling rainforest frogs of the Wet Tropics biogeographic region of north-east Queensland 2000–2004. Report to Environment Australia, Canberra. Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service, Brisbane.

Richards, S. J. (1992). The tadpole of the Australian frog Litoria nyakalensis (Anura, Hylidae), and a key to the torrent tadpoles of northern Queensland. Alytes 10: 99-103.

Richards, S.J. (1993). A guide to the identification of declining frogs and their tadpoles in the Wet Tropics Biogeographical Region, Queensland. Unpub. Report QDEH.

Richards, Stephen J., McDonald, Keith R. and Alford, Ross A. (1993). Declines in populations of Australia's endemic tropical rainforest frogs. Pacific Conservation Biology 1(1): 66-77. [Abstract]

Shea, Glenn M. and Sadlier, Ross A. (1999). A catalogue of the non-fossil amphibian and reptile type specimens in the collection of the Australian Museum: types currently, previously and purportedly present. Technical Reports of the Australian Museum 15: 1-91.

Stuart, S. N., M. Hoffmann, J. Chanson, N. Cox, R. Berridge, P. Ramani, and B. Young eds. 2008. Threatened Amphibians of the World. Barcelona, Spain; International Union for the Conservation of Nature, Gland. Switzerland; Conservation International, Arlington, Virginia, U.S.A.: Lynx Editions.

Threatened Species Scientific Committee. (2017). Conservation Advice Litoria nyakalensis mountain mistfrog. Australian Government.

Tyler, Michael J. (1997). The Action Plan for Australian Frogs. Canberra: Wildlife Australia.

Tyler, M. J., and M. M. Davies. 1978. Species-groups within the Australopapuan hylid frog genus Litoria Tschudi. Australian Journal of Zoology, Supplemental Series 27 (63): 1-47.

Tyler, M. J., and F. Knight. 2009. Field Guide to the Frogs of Australia. Collingwood, Victoria, Australia: CSIRO Publishing.

Wells, R. W., and C. R. Wellington. (1985). A classification of the Amphibia and Reptilia of Australia. Australian Journal of Herpetology, Supplemental Series 1: 1-61.


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