Litoria lorica Davies & McDonald, 1979

Armoured mistfrog, Armoured frog, Thornton Peak tree frog



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Last record: 1991

Rediscovered in 2008

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered



Queensland, Australia


Biology & Ecology

"Ecology: closed forest, lotic freshwater, amphibious, nocturnal; torrent dweller, riparian."

(Cogger et al., 1983:46)



Holotype: QM J36090 (Cogger et al., 1983:46)

Type locality: "Alexandra Creek, near Thornton Peak (16°07'S, 145°20'E), Qld" (Cogger et al., 1983:46)



Photos of this species can be seen here:



Original scientific description:

Davies, M. and McDonald, K. R. (1979). A new species of stream-dwelling hylid frog from northern Queensland. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 103: 169-176.


Other references:

Cogger, Harold G., Cameron, Elizabeth E. and Cogger, Heather M. (1983). Hylidae, pp. 35-51. In: Zoological Catalogue of Australia. I. Amphibia and Reptilia. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service. vi + 313 pp. [p. 46]

Cunningham, M. (2002). Identification and evolution of Australian Torrent Treefrogs (Anura: Hylidae: Litoria nannotis group). Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 48(1): 93-102. [automatic download]

Cutajar, Timothy P., Portway, Christopher D., Gillard, Grace L. and Rowley, Jodi J. L. (2022). Australian Frog Atlas: Species’ Distribution Maps Informed by the FrogID Dataset. Technical Reports of the Australian Museum Online 36: 1-48.

Garnett, Stephen T., Hayward-Brown, Brittany K. et al. (2022). Australia's most imperilled vertebrates. Biological Conservation 270: 109561.

Geyle, Hayley M. et al. (2022). Red hot frogs: identifying the Australian frogs most at risk of extinction. Pacific Conservation Biology.

Jean-Marc Hero, Michael Cunningham, Ross Alford, Keith McDonald. (2004). Litoria lorica. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. ( Downloaded on 16 September 2011.

Hoser, Raymond T. (1991). Endangered Animals of Australia. Mosman, NSW: Pierson & Co. 240 pp. [pp. 65]

Northern Queensland Threatened Frogs Recovery Team. (2001). Recovery plan for the stream-dwelling rainforest frogs of the Wet Tropics biogeographic region of north-east Queensland 2000–2004. Report to Environment Australia, Canberra. Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service, Brisbane.

Puschendorf, Robert and Hoskin, Conrad. (2013). Australian endangered species: Torrent frogs. The Conversation, 17 May, available online:

Puschendorf, R., Hoskin, C.J., Cashins, S.D., McDonald, K., Skerratt, L. F., Vanderwal, J. and Alford, R. A. (2011). Environmental Refuge from Disease-Driven Amphibian Extinction. Conservation Biology 25: 956-964.

Regalado, Pedro Galán. (2015). Los Anfibios y Reptiles Extinguidos: Herpetofauna Desaparecida Desde el Año 1500. Monografías de la Universidade da Coruña 155: 1-509.

Scheffers, Brett R., Yong, Ding Li, Harris, J. Berton C., Giam, Xingli and Sodhi, Navjot S. (2011). The world’s rediscovered species: back from the brink? PLoS ONE 6(7): e22531. [Supporting Information (Table S1)]

Tyler, Michael J. (1997). The Action Plan for Australian Frogs. Canberra: Wildlife Australia.


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