Lithobates fisheri Stejneger, 1893

Las Vegas leopard frog, Vegas Valley leopard frog



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Rana fisheri Stejneger, 1893; Rana chiricahuensis (in part); Lithobates chiricahuensis (in part); Rana pipiens fisheri Stejneger, 1893


Conservation Status

Last record: 13 January 1942

Rediscovered in 2011

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Nevada, USA


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Stejneger, L. (1893). Annotated list of the reptiles and batrachians collected by the Death Valley Expedition in 1891, with descriptions of new species. North American Fauna [1893]: 159-228.


Other references:

Behler, J.L. and King, F.W. 1979. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Reptiles and Amphibians. New York.

Blackburn, L., Nanjappa, P. and Lannoo, M.J. 2001. An Atlas of the Distribution of U.S. Amphibians. Ball State University, Muncie, IN, USA.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Frost, D.R. 1985. Amphibian Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Allen Press and the Association of Systematic Collections, Lawrence, Kansas.

Hekkala, Evon R.; Saumure, Raymond A.; Jaeger, Jef R.; Herrmann, Hans-Werner; Sredl, Michael J.; Bradford, David F.; Drabeck, Danielle; Blum, Michael J. (2011). Resurrecting an extinct species: Archival DNA, taxonomy, and conservation of the Vegas Valley leopard frog. Conservation Genetics 12(5): 1379-1385. [Abstract]

Jennings, M.R. 1988. Rana onca Cope, relict leopard frog. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles: 1-2.

Randy Jennings, Geoffrey Hammerson. (2004a). Lithobates fisheri. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. ( Downloaded on 17 February 2013.

Randy Jennings, Geoffrey Hammerson. 2004b. Lithobates fisheri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T19148A8842858. Accessed on 30 June 2022.

Jennings, R.D., Riddle, B.R. and Bradford, D. 1995. Rediscovery of Rana onca, the relict leopard frog, in southern Nevada with comments on the systematic relationships of some leopard frogs (Rana pipiens complex) and the status of populations along the Virgin River. Unpublished report.

Linsdale, J.M. 1940. Amphibians and reptiles in Nevada. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences: 197-257.

Regalado, Pedro Galán. (2015). Los Anfibios y Reptiles Extinguidos: Herpetofauna Desaparecida Desde el Año 1500. Monografías de la Universidade da Coruña 155: 1-509.

Stebbins, R.C. 1954. Amphibians and Reptiles of Western North America. McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York.

Stebbins, R.C. 1959. Amphibians of Western North America. University of California Press, Berkeley, California.

Stebbins, R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians. Second Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts.

Stebbins, R.C. 2003. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, Third Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts.

Wright, A. H. and Wright, A. A. (1949). Handbook of frogs and toads of the United States and Canada. Comstock Publishing Company, Inc, Ithaca, New York, USA.


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