Leiopelma waitomoensis Worthy, 1987

Waitomo frog



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: Subfossil (Holocene?)



North Island, New Zealand


Biology & Ecology




Holotype: S.023415


Other Specimens:

W0311.2 (Worthy, 1991:347)

W037S (Worthy, 1991:348)



Above: Waitomo Frog, Leiopelma waitomoensis Worthy, 1987, collected March 1984, Haggas Hole Waitomo, New Zealand. CC BY 4.0. Te Papa (S.023415)



Original scientific description:

Worthy, Trevor H. (1987a). Osteology of Leiopelma (Amphibia: Leiopelmatidae) and descriptions of three new subfossil Leiopelma species. Journal of the Royal Society of NZ. 17: 201-251.


Other references:

Burns, R.J.; Bell, B.D.; Haigh, A.; Bishop, P.; Easton, L.; Wren, S.; Germano, J.; Hitchmough, R.A.; Rolfe, J.R.; Makan, T. (2018). Conservation status of New Zealand amphibians, 2017. New Zealand Threat Classification Series 25. Department of Conservation, Wellington. 7 pp.

Carr, L. M., (Trish) McLenachan, P. A., Waddell, P. J., Gemmell, N. J., Penny, D. (2015). Analyses of the mitochondrial genome of Leiopelma hochstetteri argues against the full drowning of New Zealand. Journal of Biogeography. doi: 10.1111/jbi.12482 [Abstract]

Easton, Luke John. (2018). Taxonomy and genetic management of New Zealand’s Leiopelma frogs. Thesis, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand. 181 pp.

Easton, Luke John et al. (2017). Testing species limits of New Zealand’s leiopelmatid frogs through morphometric analyses. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society.

Easton, Luke John et al. (2018). Re-examining Leiopelmatidae inside out: skeletal and external morphology of New Zealand’s endemic frogs suggests extinctions of cryptic taxa, pp. 7. In: J. M. Monks and S. Penniket (eds.). Recent developments in New Zealand herpetofauna research: Abstracts of papers presented at the 17th biennial conference of the Society for Research on Amphibians and Reptiles in New Zealand (DOC Research and Development Series 353). Wellington: New Zealand Department of Conservation. 13 pp.

Newman, D.G.; Bell, B.D.; Bishop, P.J.; Burns, R.J.; Haigh, A.; Hitchmough, R.A. (2013). Conservation status of New Zealand frogs, 2013. New Zealand Threat Classification Series 5. Department of Conservation, Wellington. 10 pp.

Worthy, Trevor H. (1987b). Palaeoecological information concerning members of the frog genus Leiopelma: Leiopelmatidae in New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 17: 409-420.

Worthy, Trevor H. (1991). Fossil skink bones from Northland, New Zealand, and description of a new species of Cyclodina, Scincidae. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 21(4): 329-348.

Worthy, Trevor H. and Holdaway, Richard N. (2000). Terrestrial fossil vertebrate faunas from inland Hawke's Bay, North Island, New Zealand. Part 1. Records of the Canterbury Museum 14: 89-154.


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