Leiopelma auroraensis Worthy, 1987

Aurora frog



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: Subfossil (Holocene?)



South Island, New Zealand


Biology & Ecology




Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa:




Above: Aurora Frog, Leiopelma auroraensis Worthy, 1987, collected February 1984, Aurora Cave Te Anau, New Zealand. CC BY 4.0. Te Papa (S.023413)



Original scientific description:

Worthy, Trevor H. (1987a). Osteology of Leiopelma (Amphibia: Leiopelmatidae) and descriptions of three new subfossil Leiopelma species. Journal of the Royal Society of NZ. 17: 201-251.


Other references:

Burns, R.J.; Bell, B.D.; Haigh, A.; Bishop, P.; Easton, L.; Wren, S.; Germano, J.; Hitchmough, R.A.; Rolfe, J.R.; Makan, T. (2018). Conservation status of New Zealand amphibians, 2017. New Zealand Threat Classification Series 25. Department of Conservation, Wellington. 7 pp.

Carr, L. M., (Trish) McLenachan, P. A., Waddell, P. J., Gemmell, N. J., Penny, D. (2015). Analyses of the mitochondrial genome of Leiopelma hochstetteri argues against the full drowning of New Zealand. Journal of Biogeography. doi: 10.1111/jbi.12482 [Abstract]

Easton, Luke John. (2018). Taxonomy and genetic management of New Zealand’s Leiopelma frogs. Thesis, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand. 181 pp.

Easton, Luke J. et al. (2017). Testing species limits of New Zealand’s leiopelmatid frogs through morphometric analyses. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society.

Easton, Luke J. et al. (2018). Re-examining Leiopelmatidae inside out: skeletal and external morphology of New Zealand’s endemic frogs suggests extinctions of cryptic taxa, pp. 7. In: J. M. Monks and S. Penniket (eds.). Recent developments in New Zealand herpetofauna research: Abstracts of papers presented at the 17th biennial conference of the Society for Research on Amphibians and Reptiles in New Zealand (DOC Research and Development Series 353). Wellington: New Zealand Department of Conservation. 13 pp.

Newman, D.G.; Bell, B.D.; Bishop, P.J.; Burns, R.J.; Haigh, A.; Hitchmough, R.A. (2013). Conservation status of New Zealand frogs, 2013. New Zealand Threat Classification Series 5. Department of Conservation, Wellington. 10 pp.

Worthy, Trevor H. (1985). The subfossil fauna of Aurora–Te Ana-Au Cave. In: Williams, P. W. (ed.). Aurora–Te Ana-Au Cave. A survey and interpretation of scientific resources.

Worthy, Trevor H. (1987b). Palaeoecological information concerning members of the frog genus Leiopelma: Leiopelmatidae in New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 17: 409-420.


<< Back to the Anura (Frogs and Toads) database