Kurixalus naso (Annandale, 1912)

Uphill tree frog, Long-snouted treefrog, Annandale's high altitude frog



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Polypedates naso (Annandale, 1912); Rhacophorus naso Annandale, 1912


Conservation Status

Last record: 1912

Rediscovered in 2000 (Pawar and Birand, 2001)

IUCN RedList status: Data Deficient





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Annandale, N. (1912). Zoological results of the Abor Expedition, 1911–1912. I. Amphibia. Records of the Indian Museum 8: 7-36.

Other references:

Athreya, R. (2006). Eaglenest Biodiversity Project (2003–2006): Conservation Resources for Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary. Kaati Trust, Pune, pp. 1-189.

Chanda, S. K. (2002). Handbook - Indian Amphibians. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata.

Dutta, S. K. (1997). Amphibians of India and Sri Lanka. Odyssey Publishing House, Bhubaneswar.

Sushil Dutta, Saibal Sengupta, Sabitry Bordoloi. (2004). Kurixalus naso. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T58959A11862496. Downloaded on 12 February 2017.

Mathew, R. and Sen, N. (2008). Rediscovery of Rhacophorus naso Annandale, 1912 (Amphibia: Anura: Rhacophoridae) from Mizoram, Northeast India. Records of the Zoological Survey of India 108: 41-42.

Mathew, R. and Sen, N. (2009). On the occurrence of Philautus namdaphaensis Sarkar and Sanyal and Rhacophorus naso Annandale (Anura: Rhacophoridae) from Meghalaya, northeastern India. Cobra 2: 14-16.

Nanda, P. and Saikia, B. (2023). Notes on the occurrence of Kurixalus naso (Rhacophoridae), a rare highaltitude tree frog in Arunachal Pradesh. Bulletin of Arunachal Forest Research 37(1-2): 38-41.

Pawar, S. and Birand, A. (2001). A survey of amphibians, reptiles and birds in northeast India, Technical Report–6. Center for Ecological Research and Conservation, Mysore, pp. 1-118.

Roy, J. K., Begum, R. H. and Ahmed, M. F. (2018). Amphibians of the Dibang River basin, Arunachal Pradesh: An annotated checklist with distribution records. Journal of Threatened Taxa 10(15): 12940-12952.

Scheffers, Brett R., Yong, Ding Li, Harris, J. Berton C., Giam, Xingli and Sodhi, Navjot S. (2011). The world’s rediscovered species: back from the brink? PLoS ONE 6(7): e22531. [Supporting Information (Table S1)]

Shangpliang, P. W., Hooroo, R. N. K. and Dutta, S. K. (2020). Unique breeding activity and oviposition in Annandale’s high-altitude tree frog, Kurixalus naso (Annandale, 1912) in Meghalaya, Northeast India. Current Science 118(3): 467-472.

Sinha, B. and Saikia, B. (2022). Fauna of Eastern Himalayas – Amphibians of Arunachal Pradesh, India. Occasional Paper No. 410, Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, pp. 1-100.

Wangyal, J. T., Bower, D. S., Sherub, et al. (2020). New herpetofaunal records from the Kingdom of Bhutan obtained through citizen science. Herpetological Review 51: 790-798.

Yu, G. H., Rao, D., Matsui, M., Yang, J. X. (2017). Coalescent-based delimitation outperforms distancebased methods for delineating less divergent species: the case of Kurixalus odontotarsus species group. Scientific Reports (Nature, London). 7(16124): 1-13.

Zug, George R. (2022). Amphibians and reptiles of Myanmar: Checklists and keys I. Amphibians, crocodilians, and turtles. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 653: 1-113.


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