Incilius majordomus Savage, Ugarte & Donnelly, 2013

Chief's toad



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: 1980

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Savage, J.M., Ugarte, C.A. and Donnelly, M. A. (2013). A new species of earless toad (Bufonidae: Incilius from Western Panama. Copeia 2013(1): 8-12.


Other references:

Abarca, J., G. Chaves, A. García-Rodríguez and R. Vargas. 2010. Reconsidering extinction: Rediscovery of Incilius holdridgei (Anura: Bufonidae) in Costa Rica after 25 years. Herpetological Review 41: 150-152.

IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. (2020). Incilius majordomus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020: e.T55775087A55775092. Downloaded on 31 May 2021.

Lips, K.R. 1998. Decline of a tropical montane amphibian fauna. Conservation Biology 12: 106-117.

Lips, K.R., Brem, F., Brenes, R., Reeve, J.D., Alford, R.A., Voyles, J., Carey, C., Livo, L., Pessier, A.P. and Collins, J.P. 2006. Emerging infectious disease and the loss of biodiversity in a Neotropical amphibian community. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103(9): 3165-3170.


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