Hyloxalus vertebralis Boulenger, 1899:456

Boulenger’s rocket frog



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Phyllodromus vertebralis Boulenger, 1899:456 (original combination); Colostethus vertebralis Boulenger, 1899:456; Prostherapis vertebralis Boulenger, 1899:456; Phyllobates vertebralis Boulenger, 1899:456


Conservation Status


Last record: 1997

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Boulenger, G. A. (1899). Descriptions of new reptiles and batrachians collected by Mr. P.O. Simons in the Andes of Ecuador. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 1899: 454-457.


Other references:

Almendáriz, A., and G. Orcés. 2004. Distribución de algunas especies de la herpetofauna de los pisos: altoandino, temperado y subtropical. Politécnica. Quito 25: 97-150.

Barbour, T., and G. K. Noble. 1920. Some amphibians from northwestern Peru, with a revision of the genera Phyllobates and Telmatobius. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology. Cambridge, Massachusetts 63: 395-427.

Coloma, L. A. 1995. Ecuadorian frogs of the genus Colostethus (Anura: Dendrobatidae). Miscellaneous Publication. Museum of Natural History, University of Kansas 87: 1-72.

Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Manuel Morales, Ana Almendáriz. (2004). Hyloxalus vertebralis. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. ( Downloaded on 16 February 2013.

Edwards, S. R. 1971. Taxonomic notes on South American Colostethus with descriptions of two new species (Amphibia, Dendrobatidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 84: 147-162.

Frank, N., and E. Ramus. 1995. Complete Guide to Scientific and Common Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of the World. Pottsville, Pennsylvania: N. G. Publishing Inc.

Grant, T., D. R. Frost, J. P. Caldwell, R. Gagliardo, C. F. B. Haddad, P. J. R. Kok, D. B. Means, B. P. Noonan, W. E. Schargel, and W. C. Wheeler. (2006). Phylogenetic systematics of dart-poison frogs and their relatives (Amphibia: Athesphatanura: Dendrobatidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 299: 1-262.

Peracca, M. G. 1904. Viaggio del Dr. Enrico Festa nell’ Ecuador e regioni vicine. Rettili ed anfibi. Bollettino dei Musei di Zoologia e Anatomia Comparata della R. Universita di Torino 19 (465): 1-41.

Stuart, S. N., M. Hoffmann, J. Chanson, N. Cox, R. Berridge, P. Ramani, and B. Young eds. 2008. Threatened Amphibians of the World. Barcelona, Spain; International Union for the Conservation of Nature, Gland. Switzerland; Conservation International, Arlington, Virginia, U.S.A.: Lynx Editions.


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