Craugastor punctariolus Peters, 1863

Bob's robber frog



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonyms: Hyla punctariola Peters, 1863 (protonym); Eleutherodactylus punctariola (Peters, 1863)


Conservation Status


Last record: 2010

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Peters, W. C. H. (1863). Fernere Mittheilungen über neue Batrachier. Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussische Akademie des Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1863: 445-470.

Other references:

Campbell, J.A. and Savage, J.M. 2000. Taxonomic reconsideration of Middle American frogs of the Eleutherodactylus rugulosus group (Anura: Leptodactylidae): A reconnaissance of subtle nuances among frogs. Herpetological Monographs 14: 186-292.

Crawford, A.J. and Smith, E.N. 2005. Cenozoic biogeography and evolution in direct-developing frogs of Central America (Leptodactylidae: Eleutherodactylus) as inferred from a phylogenetic analysis of nuclear and mitochondrial genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 25: 536-555.

Crawford, A.J., Cruz, C., Griffith, E., Ross, H., Ibáñez, R., Lips, K.R. and Crump, P. 2013. DNA barcoding applied to ex situ tropical amphibian conservation programme reveals cryptic diversity in captive populations. Molecular Ecology Resources 13(6): 1005-1018.

Crawford A.J., Lips K.R. and Bermingham E. 2010. Epidemic disease decimates amphibian abundance, species diversity, and evolutionary history in the highlands of central Panama. . Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences doi: 10.1073/pnas.0914115107.

Gratwicke, B., Ross, H., Batista, A., Chaves, G., Crawford, A.J., Lara, L.E., Estrada, A., Evans, M., Garelle, D., Guerrel, J., Hertz, A., Hughey, M., Jaramillo, C. A., Klocke, B., Mandica, M., Medina, D., Richards-Zawacki, C. L., Ryan, M. J., Sosa-Bartuano, A., Voyles, J., Walker, B., Woodhams, D.C. and Ibáñez, R. 2016. Evaluating the probability of avoiding disease-related extinctions of Panamanian amphibians through captive-breeding programs. Animal Conservation.

Hertz, A., Lotzkat, S. Carrizo, A., Ponce, M., Köhler, G. and Streit, B.. 2012. Field notes on findings of threatened amphibian species in the central mountain range of western Panama. Amphibian and Reptile Conservation 6(2): 9-30.

Ibáñez, R., Solís, F., Jaramillo, C. and Rand, S. 2000. An overview of the herpetology of Panama. In: J.D. Johnson, R.G. Webb and O.A. Flores-Villela (eds), Mesoamerican Herpetology: Systematics, Zoogeography and Conservation, pp. 159-170. The University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, Texas.

IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2020. Craugastor punctariolus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020: e.T56888A3052456. Accessed on 06 July 2022.

Frank Solís, Roberto Ibáñez, César Jaramillo, Querube Fuenmayor. (2004). Craugastor punctariolus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. ( Downloaded on 14 February 2013.

Ryan, M.J., Lips, K.R. and Eichholz, M.W. 2008. Decline and extirpation of an endangered Panamanian stream frog population (Craugastor punctariolus) due to an outbreak of chytridiomycosis. Biological Conservation 141: 1636-1647.

Woodhams, D.C., Kilburn, V.L., Reinhart, L.K., Voyles, J., Medina, D., Ibáñez, R, Hyatt, A.D., Boyle, D.G., Pask, J.D., Green, D. M. and Rollins-Smith, L.A. 2008. Chytridiomycosis and amphibian population declines continue to spread eastward in Panama. EcoHealth DOI:10.1007/s10393-008-0190-0.

Woodhams, D.C., Voyles, J., Lips, K.R., Carey, C. and Rollins-Smith, L.A. 2006. Predicted disease susceptibility in a Panamanian amphibian assemblage based on skin peptide defenses. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 42(2): 207-218.


<< Back to the Anura (Frogs and Toads) database