Craugastor escoces Savage, 1975:280

Heredia robber frog, Red-bellied frog



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Eleutherodactylus escoces Savage, 1975:280


Conservation Status

Last record: 1986

Rediscovered on 19 September 2016

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Costa Rica


Biology & Ecology







Above: photo by Gilbert Alvarado Barboza y Randall Jiménez (CC 4.0). Source: Wikimedia Commons.



Original scientific description:

Savage, J. M. (1975). Systematics and distribution of the Mexican and Central American stream frogs related to Eleutherodactylus rugulosus. Copeia 1975: 254-306.

Other references:

Bolaños, F. and Chaves, G. (2004). Craugastor escoces. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. ( Downloaded on 14 February 2013.

Crawford, A. J. and Smith, E. N. (2005). Cenozoic biogeography and evolution in direct-developing frogs of Central America (Leptodactylidae: Eleutherodactylus) as inferred from a phylogenetic analysis of nuclear and mitochondrial genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 25: 536-555.

Jiménez, Randall and Alvarado, Gilbert. (2017). Craugastor escoces (Anura: Craugastoridae) reappears after 30 years: rediscovery of an “extinct” Neotropical frog. Amphibia-Reptilia 38(2): 257-259. [Abstract]

Regalado, Pedro Galán. (2015). Los Anfibios y Reptiles Extinguidos: Herpetofauna Desaparecida Desde el Año 1500. Monografías de la Universidade da Coruña 155: 1-509.


<< Back to the Anura (Frogs and Toads) database