Barbourula busuangensis Taylor & Noble, 1924

Philippine flat-headed frog



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Last record: 1923

Rediscovered in 1940

IUCN RedList status: Vulnerable





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Taylor, E.H. and Noble, G.K. 1924. A new genus of Discoglossid frogs from the Philippine Islands. American Museum Novitates [1924]: 1-4.


Other references:

Alcala, A.C. and Brown, W.C. 1985. Philippine Amphibians: An Illustrated Field Guide. Bookmark Press, Makati City, Philippines.

Brown, R.M., Diesmos, A.C. and Alcala, A.C. 2001. The state of Philippine herpetology and the challenges for the next decade. Silliman Journal 42(1): 18-87.

Brown, W.C. and Alcala, A.C. 1983. Modes of reproduction of Philippine amphibians. In: Rhodin, A.G.J. and Miyata, K. (eds), Advances in Herpetology and Evolutionary Biology: Essays in Honors of Ernest E. Williams, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Arvin Diesmos, Angel Alcala, Rafe Brown, Leticia Afuang, Genevieve Gee, Katie Hampson, Mae Leonida Diesmos, Aldrin Mallari, Perry Ong, Dondi Ubaldo, Baldwin Gutierrez. 2004. Barbourula busuangensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T23900A9436177. Downloaded on 12 February 2017.

Frost, D.R. 1985. Amphibian Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Allen Press and the Association of Systematic Collections, Lawrence, Kansas.

Infante, C.R., Brown, R.M., Diesmos, A.C., Gee, G. and Dimalibot, J. 2002. The Search for the Lost Treasure of Palawan: the Philippine Flat-headed Frog. Haring Ibon: 12-15.

Inger, R.F. 1954. The systematics and zoogeography of Philippine Amphibia. Fieldiana 33: 181-531.

Inger, R.F. 1999. Distributions of amphibians in southern Asia and adjacent islands. In: W.E. Duellman (ed.), Patterns of Distribution of Amphibians: A Global Perspective, pp. 445-482. John Hopkins University Press.

Myers, G.S. 1943. Rediscovery of the Philippine discoglossid frog, Barbourula busuangensis. Copeia: 148-150.

Scheffers, Brett R., Yong, Ding Li, Harris, J. Berton C., Giam, Xingli and Sodhi, Navjot S. (2011). The world’s rediscovered species: back from the brink? PLoS ONE 6(7): e22531. [Supporting Information (Table S1)]


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