Atelopus peruensis Gray & Cannatella, 1985

Peru stubfoot toad



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: 1998

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)



Peruvian Andes (northern)












Original scientific description:

Gray, P. and Cannatella, D.C. 1985. A new species of Atelopus (Anura: Bufonidae) from the Andes of Northern Peru. Copeia 1985: 910-917.


Other references:

Aguilar, C., Ramirez, C., Rivera, D., Siu-Ting, K., Suarez, J. and Torres, C. 2010. Anfibios andinos del Perú fuera de Áreas Nationales Protegidas: amenazas y estado de conservación. Revista Peruana de Biología 17(1): 005-028.

IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2018. Atelopus peruensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T54539A89196220. Accessed on 06 July 2022.

Jaynes, Kyle E. et al. (2022). Harlequin frog rediscoveries provide insights into species persistence in the face of drastic amphibian declines. Biological Conservation 276: 109784.

La Marca, E., Lips, K.R., Lötters, S., Puschendorf, R., Ibáñez, R., Rueda-Almonacid, J.V., Schulte, R., Marty, C., Castro, F., Manzanilla-Puppo, J., Garcia-Perez, J.E., Toral, E., Bolaños, F., Chaves, G., Pounds, J.A. and Young, B. 2005. Catastrophic population declines and extinctions in Neotropical harlequin frogs (Bufonidae: Atelopus). Biotropica 37(2): 190-201.

Lötters, S. 1996. The Neotropical Toad Genus Atelopus. Checklist - Biology - Distribution. Vences, M. and Glaw, F. Verlags GbR, Köln, Germany.

Lötters, S. 2007. The fate of the harlequin toads–help through a synchronous multi‐disciplinary approach and the IUCN ‘Amphibian Conservation Action Plan’? Zoosystematics and Evolution 83(S1): 69-73.

Lötters, S. and Köhler, J. 1998. Der Stummelfussfrosch Atelopus peruensis Gray & Cannatella, 1985. Familie: Bufonidae. The frog Atelopus peruensis Gray & Cannatella, 1985. Family: Bufonidae. Herpetofauna: 14-15.

Lötters, S., Glaw, F., Reichle, S., Kohler, J. and Meyer, E. 1990. Notes on vocalizations in three species of Atelopus from Central and South America (Anura: Bufonidae). Herpetozoa: 79-83.

Lötters, S., Schulte, R., Córdova, J.H. and Veith, M. 2005. Conservation priorities for harlequin frogs (Atelopus spp.) of Peru. Oryx: 343-346.

Mebs, D., Yotsu-Yamashita, M., Yasumoto, T., Lötters, S. and Schluter, A. 1995. Further report of the occurrence of tetrodotoxin in Atelopus species (Family: Bufonidae). Toxicon: 246-249.

Miranda Leiva, A. 2008. Declinación de anfibios en la jalca de Cajamarca, historia y evidencias. Fiat Lux 4(2): 55-62.

Pounds, J.A., Bustamante, M.R., Coloma, L.A., Consuegra, J.A., Fogden, M.P.L., Foster, P.N., La Marca, E., Masters, K.L., Merino-Viteri, A., Puschendorf, R., Ron, S.R., Sánchez-Azofeifa, G.A., Still, C.J. and Young, B.E. 2006. Widespread amphibian extinctions from epidemic disease driven by global warming. Nature 439: 161-167.

Rodríguez, L.O., Cordova, J.H. and Icochea, J. 1993. Lista preliminar de los anfibios del Peru.: 1-22.

Rainer Schulte, Antonio Salas, Ariadne Angulo, Stefan Lötters, Ulrich Sinsch, Alfonso Miranda Leiva. (2006). Atelopus peruensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2006: e.T54539A11164132. Downloaded on 14 December 2015.

Venegas, P. 2005. Atelopus peruensis. In: J.V. Rueda-Almonacid, J.V. Rodríguez-Mahecha, S. Lötters, E. La Marca, T.R. Kahn and A. Angulo (eds), Ranas Arlequines, pp. 99. Conservación Internacional, Panamericana Formas e Impresos, S.A., Bogotá, Colombia.

Venegas, P.J., Catenazzi, A., Siu-Ting, K. and Carrillo, J. 2008. Two new harlequin frogs (Anura: Atelopus) from the Andes of northern Peru. Salamandra 44(3): 163-176.

von May, R., Catenazzi, A., Angulo, A., Brown, J.L., Carrillo, J., Chávez, G., Córdova, J.H., Curo, A., Delgado, A., Enciso, M.A., Guttiérez, R., Lehr, E., Martínez, J.L., Martina-Müller, M., Miranda, A., Neira, D.R., Ochoa, J.A., Quiroz, A.J., Rodríguez, D.A., Rodríguez, L.O., Salas, A.W., Seimon, T., Seimon, A., Siu-Ting, K., Suárez, J., Torres, C. and Twomey, E. 2008. Current state of conservation knowledge on threatened amphibian species in Peru. Tropical Conservation Science 1(4): 376-396.



<< Back to the Anura (Frogs and Toads) database