Atelopus nicefori Rivero, 1963

Niceforo's stubfoot toad



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: 1988

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)



Alto de Caicedo, Antioquia Department, Colombia


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Rivero, J. A. (1963). Five new species of Atelopus from Colombia, with notes on other species from Colombia and Ecuador. Caribbean Journal of Science 3: 103-124.


Other references:

Acosta-Galvis, A.R. 2000. Ranas, Salamandras y Caecilias (Tetrapoda: Amphibia) de Colombia. Biota Colombiana 1(3): 289-319.

Cochran, D.M. and Goin, C.J. 1970. Frogs of Colombia. United States National Museum Bulletin, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

Cocroft, R.B., McDiarmid, R.W., Jaslow, A.P. and Ruiz-Carranza, P.M. 1990. Vocalizations of eight species of Atelopus (Anura: Bufonidae) with comments on communication in the genus. Copeia 1990(3): 631-643.

IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2017. Atelopus nicefori. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T54534A49536933. Downloaded on 11 December 2017.

Jaynes, Kyle E. et al. (2022). Harlequin frog rediscoveries provide insights into species persistence in the face of drastic amphibian declines. Biological Conservation 276: 109784.

La Marca, E., Lips, K.R., Lötters, S., Puschendorf, R., Ibáñez, R., Rueda-Almonacid, J.V., Schulte, R., Marty, C., Castro, F., Manzanilla-Puppo, J., Garcia-Perez, J.E., Toral, E., Bolaños, F., Chaves, G., Pounds, J.A. and Young, B. 2005. Catastrophic population declines and extinctions in Neotropical harlequin frogs (Bufonidae: Atelopus). Biotropica 37(2): 190-201.

Lötters, S. 1996. The Neotropical Toad Genus Atelopus. Checklist - Biology - Distribution. Vences, M. and Glaw, F. Verlags GbR, Köln, Germany.

Pounds, J.A., Bustamante, M.R., Coloma, L.A., Consuegra, J.A., Fogden, M.P.L., Foster, P.N., La Marca, E., Masters, K.L., Merino-Viteri, A., Puschendorf, R., Ron, S.R., Sánchez-Azofeifa, G.A., Still, C.J. and Young, B.E. 2006. Widespread amphibian extinctions from epidemic disease driven by global warming. Nature 439: 161-167.

Rivero, J.A. and Serna, M.A. 1985. Nota sobre el Atelopus nicefori Rivero, con la description de una nueva especie de Atelopus (Amphibia: Bufonidae) de Colombia. Caribbean Journal of Science 21(1-2): 79-82.

Ruiz-Carranza, P.M., Ardila-Robayo, M.C. and Lynch, J.D. 1996. Lista actualizada de la fauna de Amphibia de Colombia. Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales 20(77): 365-415.


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