Atelopus muisca Rueda-Almonacid & Hoyos, 1992:472

Muisca stubfoot toad



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Last record: 1996

Rediscovered in October 2008 (single individual, none recorded since, hence still missing)

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered









Holotype: IND-AN 4650






Original scientific description:

Rueda-Almonacid, J. V. and Hoyos, J. M. (1992). Atelopes muisca, nueva especie de anfibio (Anura: Bufonidae) para el P.N.N. Chingaza, Colombia. Trianea Acta Científica y Tecnológica [1991]: 471-480.


Other references:

Acosta-Galvis, A.R. 2000. Ranas, Salamandras y Caecilias (Tetrapoda: Amphibia) de Colombia. Biota Colombiana: 289-319.

Acosta-Galvis, A. R., and J. V. Rueda-Almonacid. 2004. Sapito arlequín esmeralda. Atelopus muisca. Rueda-Almonacid, J. V., J. D. Lynch, and A. Amézquita eds., Libro Rojo de los Anfibios de Colombia: 128-131. Bogota, Panamericana Formas e Impresos, S.A.

Frank, N., and E. Ramus. 1995. Complete Guide to Scientific and Common Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of the World. Pottsville, Pennsylvania: N. G. Publishing Inc.

Hoyos, J. M. (2005). [i]Atelopus muisca[/i]. Rueda-Almonacid, J. V., J. V. Rodríguez-Mahecha, S. Lötters, E. La Marca, T. R. Kahn, and A. Angulo eds., Ranas Arlequines: 91. Bogotá, Colombia, Conservación Internacional.

Hoyos, J. M., Medina, P. and Schoch, P. (2015). Osteology of [i]Atelopus muisca[/i] (Anura, Bufonidae) from Colombia. Zootaxa 3905: 119-130. [Abstract]

IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2020. Atelopus muisca. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020: e.T54530A174053691. Downloaded on 15 December 2020.

Jaynes, Kyle E. et al. (2022). Harlequin frog rediscoveries provide insights into species persistence in the face of drastic amphibian declines. Biological Conservation 276: 109784.

La Marca, E., Lips, K.R., Lötters, S., Puschendorf, R., Ibáñez, R., Rueda-Almonacid, J.V., Schulte, R., Marty, C., Castro, F., Manzanilla-Puppo, J., Garcia-Perez, J.E., Toral, E., Bolaños, F., Chaves, G., Pounds, J.A. and Young, B. 2005. Catastrophic population declines and extinctions in Neotropical harlequin frogs (Bufonidae: Atelopus). Biotropica: 190-201.

Lötters, S. 1996. The Neotropical Toad Genus Atelopus. Checklist - Biology - Distribution. Vences, M. and Glaw, F. Verlags GbR, Köln, Germany.

Lynch, J. D. 1993. A new harlequin frog from the Cordillera Oriental of Colombia (Anura, Bufonidae, Atelopus). Alytes. Paris 11: 77–87.

Lynch, J. D., and J. M. Renjifo. 2001. Guía de Anfibios y Reptiles de Bogotá y Sus Alrededores. Bogotá: Departamento Tecnico Administrativo Medio Ambiente, Alcaldia Mayor de Bogota D.C.

Pounds, J.A., Bustamante, M.R., Coloma, L.A., Consuegra, J.A., Fogden, M.P.L., Foster, P.N., La Marca, E., Masters, K.L., Merino-Viteri, A., Puschendorf, R., Ron, S.R., Sánchez-Azofeifa, G.A., Still, C.J. and Young, B.E. 2006. Widespread amphibian extinctions from epidemic disease driven by global warming. Nature 439: 161-167.

Jose Vicente Rueda, Wilmar Bolívar, Adolfo Amézquita, Andrés Acosta-Galvis. (2004). Atelopus muisca. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. ( Downloaded on 10 February 2013.

Ruiz-Carranza, P.M., Ardila-Robayo, M.C. and Lynch, J.D. 1996. Lista actualizada de la fauna de Amphibia de Colombia. Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales 20(77): 365-415.

Stuart, S. N., M. Hoffmann, J. Chanson, N. Cox, R. Berridge, P. Ramani, and B. Young eds., . 2008. Threatened Amphibians of the World. Barcelona, Spain; International Union for the Conservation of Nature, Gland. Switzerland; Conservation International, Arlington, Virginia, U.S.A.: Lynx Editions.


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