Atelopus muisca Rueda-Almonacid & Hoyos, 1992:472

Muisca stubfoot toad



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Last record: 1996

Rediscovered in October 2008 (single individual, none recorded since, hence still missing)

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered









Holotype: IND-AN 4650






Original scientific description:

Rueda-Almonacid, J. V. and Hoyos, J. M. (1992). Atelopes muisca, nueva especie de anfibio (Anura: Bufonidae) para el P.N.N. Chingaza, Colombia. Trianea Acta Científica y Tecnológica [1991]: 471-480.


Other references:

Acosta-Galvis, A.R. 2000. Ranas, Salamandras y Caecilias (Tetrapoda: Amphibia) de Colombia. Biota Colombiana: 289-319.

Acosta-Galvis, A. R., and J. V. Rueda-Almonacid. 2004. Sapito arlequín esmeralda. Atelopus muisca. Rueda-Almonacid, J. V., J. D. Lynch, and A. Amézquita eds., Libro Rojo de los Anfibios de Colombia: 128-131. Bogota, Panamericana Formas e Impresos, S.A.

Barreto, Daniel Vivas. (2023). Following a trail of biological collections records, historical distributions, and environmental DNA to find the lost harlequin toads of Colombia. Universidad de los Andes. 83 pp.

Frank, N., and E. Ramus. 1995. Complete Guide to Scientific and Common Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of the World. Pottsville, Pennsylvania: N. G. Publishing Inc.

Hoyos, J. M. (2005). [i]Atelopus muisca[/i]. Rueda-Almonacid, J. V., J. V. Rodríguez-Mahecha, S. Lötters, E. La Marca, T. R. Kahn, and A. Angulo eds., Ranas Arlequines: 91. Bogotá, Colombia, Conservación Internacional.

Hoyos, J. M., Medina, P. and Schoch, P. (2015). Osteology of [i]Atelopus muisca[/i] (Anura, Bufonidae) from Colombia. Zootaxa 3905: 119-130. [Abstract]

IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2020. Atelopus muisca. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020: e.T54530A174053691. Downloaded on 15 December 2020.

Jaynes, Kyle E. et al. (2022). Harlequin frog rediscoveries provide insights into species persistence in the face of drastic amphibian declines. Biological Conservation 276: 109784.

La Marca, E., Lips, K.R., Lötters, S., Puschendorf, R., Ibáñez, R., Rueda-Almonacid, J.V., Schulte, R., Marty, C., Castro, F., Manzanilla-Puppo, J., Garcia-Perez, J.E., Toral, E., Bolaños, F., Chaves, G., Pounds, J.A. and Young, B. 2005. Catastrophic population declines and extinctions in Neotropical harlequin frogs (Bufonidae: Atelopus). Biotropica: 190-201.

Lötters, S. 1996. The Neotropical Toad Genus Atelopus. Checklist - Biology - Distribution. Vences, M. and Glaw, F. Verlags GbR, Köln, Germany.

Lynch, J. D. 1993. A new harlequin frog from the Cordillera Oriental of Colombia (Anura, Bufonidae, Atelopus). Alytes. Paris 11: 77–87.

Lynch, J. D., and J. M. Renjifo. 2001. Guía de Anfibios y Reptiles de Bogotá y Sus Alrededores. Bogotá: Departamento Tecnico Administrativo Medio Ambiente, Alcaldia Mayor de Bogota D.C.

Pounds, J.A., Bustamante, M.R., Coloma, L.A., Consuegra, J.A., Fogden, M.P.L., Foster, P.N., La Marca, E., Masters, K.L., Merino-Viteri, A., Puschendorf, R., Ron, S.R., Sánchez-Azofeifa, G.A., Still, C.J. and Young, B.E. 2006. Widespread amphibian extinctions from epidemic disease driven by global warming. Nature 439: 161-167.

Jose Vicente Rueda, Wilmar Bolívar, Adolfo Amézquita, Andrés Acosta-Galvis. (2004). Atelopus muisca. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. ( Downloaded on 10 February 2013.

Ruiz-Carranza, P.M., Ardila-Robayo, M.C. and Lynch, J.D. 1996. Lista actualizada de la fauna de Amphibia de Colombia. Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales 20(77): 365-415.

Stuart, S. N., M. Hoffmann, J. Chanson, N. Cox, R. Berridge, P. Ramani, and B. Young eds., . 2008. Threatened Amphibians of the World. Barcelona, Spain; International Union for the Conservation of Nature, Gland. Switzerland; Conservation International, Arlington, Virginia, U.S.A.: Lynx Editions.


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