Atelopus erythropus Boulenger, 1903

Carabaya stubfoot toad



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: 2004

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)



Bolivia & Peru


Biology & Ecology










Catenazzi, A. and von May, R. 2014. Conservation Status of Amphibians in Peru 1. Herpetological Monographs 28(1): 1-23.

Catenazzi, A., Lehr, E. and von May, R. 2013. The amphibians and reptiles of Manu National Park and its buffer zone, Amazon basin and eastern slopes of the Andes, Peru. Biota Neotropica 13(4): 269-283.

Catenazzi, A., Lehr, E., Rodriguez, L.O. and Vredenburg, V.T. 2011. Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis and the collapse of anuran species richness and abundance in the Upper Manu National Park, southeastern Peru. Conservation Biology 25(2): 382-391.

Catenazzi, A., Rodríguez, L.O. and Lötters, S. 2005. Atelopus erythropus. In: J.V. Rueda-Almonacid, J.V. Rodríguez-Mahecha, S. Lötters, E. La Marca, T.R. Kahn and A. Angulo (eds), Ranas Arlequines, pp. 73. Conservación Internacional, Panamericana Formas e Impresos, S.A., Bogotá, Colombia.

De la Riva, I., Köhler, J., Lötters, S. and Reichle, S. 2000. Ten years of research on Bolivian amphibians: updated checklist, distribution, taxonomic problems, literature and iconography. Revista Espanola de Herpetologia 14: 19-164.

IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2018. Atelopus erythropus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T54506A89196113. Accessed on 06 July 2022.

Jaynes, Kyle E. et al. (2022). Harlequin frog rediscoveries provide insights into species persistence in the face of drastic amphibian declines. Biological Conservation 276: 109784.

La Marca, E., Lips, K.R., Lötters, S., Puschendorf, R., Ibáñez, R., Rueda-Almonacid, J.V., Schulte, R., Marty, C., Castro, F., Manzanilla-Puppo, J., Garcia-Perez, J.E., Toral, E., Bolaños, F., Chaves, G., Pounds, J.A. and Young, B. 2005. Catastrophic population declines and extinctions in Neotropical harlequin frogs (Bufonidae: Atelopus). Biotropica 37(2): 190-201.

Lötters, S. 1996. The Neotropical Toad Genus Atelopus. Checklist - Biology - Distribution. Vences, M. and Glaw, F. Verlags GbR, Köln, Germany.

Lötters, S. 2003. On the systematics of the harlequin frogs (Amphibia: Bufonidae: Atelopus) from Amazonia. III: A new remarkably dimorphic species from the Cordillera Azul, Peru. Salamandra: 169-180.

Lötters, S. 2007. The fate of the harlequin toads–help through a synchronous multi‐disciplinary approach and the IUCN ‘Amphibian Conservation Action Plan’? Zoosystematics and Evolution 83(S1): 69-73.

Lötters, S. and De la Riva, I. 1998. Redescription of Atelopus tricolor Boulenger from southeastern Peru and adjacent Bolivia, with comments on related forms. Journal of Herpetology: 481-488.

Pounds, J.A., Bustamante, M.R., Coloma, L.A., Consuegra, J.A., Fogden, M.P.L., Foster, P.N., La Marca, E., Masters, K.L., Merino-Viteri, A., Puschendorf, R., Ron, S.R., Sánchez-Azofeifa, G.A., Still, C.J. and Young, B.E. 2006. Widespread amphibian extinctions from epidemic disease driven by global warming. Nature 439: 161-167.

Rodriguez, L. and Catenazzi, A. 2005. Anfibios y reptiles/Amphibians and reptiles. In: Vriesendorp, C., Rivera Chavez, L., Moskovits, D., and Shopland, J. (eds), Peru: Megantoni, pp. 199-204. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Rodríguez, L.O., Cordova, J.H. and Icochea, J. 1993. Lista preliminar de los anfibios del Peru. Publicaciones del Museo de Historia Natural U.N.M.S.M. 45: 1-22.

von May, R., Catenazzi, A., Angulo, A., Brown, J.L., Carrillo, J., Chávez, G., Córdova, J.H., Curo, A., Delgado, A., Enciso, M.A., Guttiérez, R., Lehr, E., Martínez, J.L., Martina-Müller, M., Miranda, A., Neira, D.R., Ochoa, J.A., Quiroz, A.J., Rodríguez, D.A., Rodríguez, L.O., Salas, A.W., Seimon, T., Seimon, A., Siu-Ting, K., Suárez, J., Torres, C. and Twomey, E. 2008. Current state of conservation knowledge on threatened amphibian species in Peru. Tropical Conservation Science 1(4): 376-396.


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