Atelopus ebenoides Rivero, 1963

Huila stubfoot toad



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: 2005 (Jaynes et al., 2022)

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)





Biology & Ecology










Ardila-Robayo, M.C. and Acosta-Galvis, A. 2000. Anfibios III. In: Rangel (ed.), Colombia Diversidad biótica de la región de vida paramuna, pp. 902. Bogotá, Colombia.

Cochran, D.M. and Goin, C.J. 1970. Frogs of Colombia. United States National Museum Bulletin, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. (2017). Atelopus ebenoides. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T81646342A49535044. Accessed on 06 July 2022.

Jaynes, Kyle E. et al. (2022). Harlequin frog rediscoveries provide insights into species persistence in the face of drastic amphibian declines. Biological Conservation 276: 109784.

La Marca, E., Lips, K.R., Lötters, S., Puschendorf, R., Ibáñez, R., Rueda-Almonacid, J.V., Schulte, R., Marty, C., Castro, F., Manzanilla-Puppo, J., Garcia-Perez, J.E., Toral, E., Bolaños, F., Chaves, G., Pounds, J.A. and Young, B. 2005. Catastrophic population declines and extinctions in Neotropical harlequin frogs (Bufonidae: Atelopus). Biotropica 37(2): 190-201.

Lötters, S. 1996. The Neotropical Toad Genus Atelopus. Checklist - Biology - Distribution. Vences, M. and Glaw, F. Verlags GbR, Köln, Germany.

Pounds, J.A., Bustamante, M.R., Coloma, L.A., Consuegra, J.A., Fogden, M.P.L., Foster, P.N., La Marca, E., Masters, K.L., Merino-Viteri, A., Puschendorf, R., Ron, S.R., Sánchez-Azofeifa, G.A., Still, C.J. and Young, B.E. 2006. Widespread amphibian extinctions from epidemic disease driven by global warming. Nature 439: 161-167.

Rueda-Almonacid, J.V. and Rueda-Martínez, J.N. 2005. Atelopus marinkellei. In: J.V. Rueda-Almonacid, J.V. Rodríguez-Mahecha, S. Lötters, E. La Marca, T.R. Kahn and A. Angulo (eds), Ranas Arlequines, Conservación Internacional, Bogotá.

Rueda-Almonacid, J. V., Rodriguez-Mahecha, J. V., Lötters, S., La Marca, E., Kahn, T. and Angulo, A. 2005. Ranas arlequines. Conservación Internacional, Bogotá.

Ruiz-Carranza, P.M., Ardila-Robayo, M.C. and Lynch, J.D. 1996. Lista actualizada de la fauna de Amphibia de Colombia. Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales 20(77): 365-415.

Scheffers, Brett R., Yong, Ding Li, Harris, J. Berton C., Giam, Xingli and Sodhi, Navjot S. (2011). The world’s rediscovered species: back from the brink? PLoS ONE 6(7): e22531. [Supporting Information (Table S1)]


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