Alytes muletensis (Sanchiz & Adrover, 1977)

Majorcan midwife toad, Mallorcan midwife toad, ferreret



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Baleaphryne muletensis Sanchíz & Adrover, 1979 (original combination)


Conservation Status

Rediscovered in 1979 (previously known from fossils only)



Majorca, Balearic Islands


Biology & Ecology










Alcover, J.A., Mayol, J., Jaume, D., Alomar, G., Pomar, G. and Jurado, J. 1984. Biologia i ecologia de les poblacions relictes de Baleaphryne muletensis a la muntanya mallorquina. In: Hemmer, H. and Alcover, J.A. (eds), Història biològica del ferreret, pp. 129-15. Editorial Moll, Palma de Mallorca.

Arnold, E.N. 2003. Reptiles and amphibians of Europe. Princeton University Press.

Arntzen, J.W. and García-París, M. 1995. Morphological and allozyme studies of midwife toads (Genus Alytes), including the description of two new taxa from Spain. Contributions to Zoology: 5-34.

Bush, S. 1996. The reproductive behaviour of the Ferreret Alytes muletensis. Boletín de la Asociación Herpetológica Española: 35-37.

Fromhage, L., Vences, M. and Veith, M. 2004. Testing alternative vicariance scenarios in Western Mediterranean discoglossid frogs. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 31(1): 308-322.

Gasc, J.-P. et al. (ed.). 1997. Atlas of Amphibians and Reptiles in Europe. pp. 494. Societas Europea Herpetologica & Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris.

IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. (2020). Alytes muletensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020: e.T977A89697685. Accessed on 26 August 2022.

Lea, J., Dyson, M. and Halliday, T. 2002. The effects of cohort structure and density on larval growth and development in Alytes muletensis: Implications for conservation. Herpetological Journal: 155-161.

Martínez-Solano, I., Gonçalves, H.A., Arntzen, J.W. and García-París, M. 2004. Phylogenetic relationships and biogeography of midwife toads (Discoglossidae: Alytes). Journal of Biogeography: 603-618.

Mejias, R. and Amengual, J. 2000. Libro rojo de los vertebrados de las Baleares (2ª ed.). Govern de les Illes Balears, Conselleria de Medi Ambient, Palma de Mallorca.

Moore, R.D., Griffiths, R.A. and Román, A. 2004. Distribution of the Mallorcan midwife toad (Alytes muletensis) in relation to landscape topography and introduced predators. Biological Conservation: 327-332.

Pinya, S. and Pérez-Mellado, V. 2014. Ageing and growth of the endangered midwife toad Alytes muletensis. Endangered Species Research 22(3): 263-268.

Pleguezuelos, J.M. 1997. Distribucion y Biogeografia de los Anfibios y Reptiles en España y Portugal. Asociacion Herpetologica Española, Las Palmas de Gran Canarias.

Pleguezuelos, J.M., Márquez, R. and Lizana, M. 2002. Atlas y Libro Rojo de los Anfibios y Reptiles de España. Dirección General de la Conservación de la naturaleza-Associación Herpetológica Española, Madrid.

Roca, V., García, G., Carbonell, E., Sánchez-Acedo, C. and Del Cacho, E. 1998. Parasites and conservation of Alytes muletensis (Sanchiz et Adrover, 1977) (Anura: Discoglossidae). Revista Española de Herpetología: 91-95.

Román, A. and Mayol, J. 1997. La recuperación del ferreret, Alytes muletensis. Documents Tècnics de Conservació, II(1). Consellería de Medi Ambient, Ordenació del Territori i Litoral, Govern Balear, Palma de Mallorca.

Schley, L., Griffiths, R.A. and Román, A. 1998. Activity patterns and microhabitat selection of Mallorcan midwife toad (Alytes muletensis) tadpoles in natural torrent pools. Amphibia-Reptilia: 143-151.


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