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Ptaiochen pau Olson & James, 1991

Stumbling moa-nalo, Small-billed moa-nalo

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

 

 

Conservation Status

Extinct

 

Distribution

Maui, Hawaiian Islands, USA

 

Biology & Ecology

 

 

Hypodigm

 

 

Media

 

 

References

Original scientific description:

Olson, Storrs L. and James, Helen F. (1991). Descriptions of thirty-two new species of birds from the Hawaiian Islands: Part I. Non-Passeriformes. Ornithological Monographs, No. 45: 1-88.

 

Other references:

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser.

Iwaniuk, Andrew N. et al. (2004). A comparative test of the correlated evolution of flightlessness and relative brain size in birds. J. Zool, Land. 263: 317-327.

Lewis, Daniel. (Due May, 2018). Belonging on an Island: Birds, Extinction, and Evolution in Hawai`i. Yale University Press. 320 pp.

Sorenson, Michael D. et al. (1999). Relationships of the extinct moa-nalos, flightless Hawaiian waterfowl, based on ancient DNA. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 266: 2187-2193.

Watanabe, Junya. (2017). Quantitative discrimination of flightlessness in fossil Anatidae from skeletal proportions. The Auk 134(3): 672-695.

 

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