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Ptaiochen pau Olson & James, 1991

Stumbling moa-nalo, Small-billed moa-nalo

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

 

 

Conservation Status

Extinct

 

Distribution

Maui, Hawaiian Islands, USA

 

Biology & Ecology

 

 

Hypodigm

 

 

Media

 

 

References

Original scientific description:

Olson, Storrs L. and James, Helen F. (1991). Descriptions of thirty-two new species of birds from the Hawaiian Islands: Part I. Non-Passeriformes. Ornithological Monographs, No. 45: 1-88.

 

Other references:

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser.

Iwaniuk, Andrew N. et al. (2004). A comparative test of the correlated evolution of flightlessness and relative brain size in birds. J. Zool, Land. 263: 317-327.

Lewis, Daniel. (Due May, 2018). Belonging on an Island: Birds, Extinction, and Evolution in Hawai`i. Yale University Press. 320 pp.

Olson SL and James HF (1984) The role of Polynesians in the extinction of the avifauna of the Hawaiian islands. In Martin PS and Klein RG, eds, Quaternary Extinctions: a Prehistoric Revolution, pp. 768–780. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.

Sorenson, Michael D. et al. (1999). Relationships of the extinct moa-nalos, flightless Hawaiian waterfowl, based on ancient DNA. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 266: 2187-2193.

Tyrberg, Tommy. (2009). Holocene avian extinctions, pp. 63-106. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Watanabe, Junya. (2017). Quantitative discrimination of flightlessness in fossil Anatidae from skeletal proportions. The Auk 134(3): 672-695.

Young, H. Glyn, Tonge, Simon J. and Hume, Julian Pender. (1996). Review of Holocene wildfowl extinctions. Wildfowl 47: 167-181.

 

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