Cnemiornis minor Forbes, 1892:185



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

C. minor is used to refer to C. gracilis according to (Fuller, 1988:46), although it is considered a junior synonym of C. calcitrans by (Hume & Walters, 2012:43).


Conservation Status

Invalid (synonym) (Hume & Walters, 2012:43)



New Zealand


Anatomy & Morphology



Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Forbes, H. O. (1892). Preliminary notice of additions to the extinct avifauna of New Zealand. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 24: 185-189.


Other references:

Fuller, Errol. (1988). Extinct Birds. New York: Facts on File Publications. 256 pp.

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser. 544 pp.

Rothschild, Lionel Walter. (1907). Extinct birds: an attempt to write in one volume a short account of those birds which have become extinct in historical times, that is within the last six or seven hundred years: to which are added a few which still exist, but are on the verge of extinction. London: Hutchinson & Co. XXIX + 243 pp. [p. 98]


 << Back to the Anseriformes (Waterfowl) database