Centrornis majori Andrews, 1897

Malagasy sheldgoose, Greater Madagascan sheldgoose



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: 17,370 ± 90 yr BP (Burney et al. 2004)





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Andrews, C. W. (1897). On some fossil remains of carinate birds from Central Madagascar. Ibis 7(3): 343-359.


Other references:

Brodkorb, Pierce. (1964). Catalogue of fossil birds. Part 2 (Anseriformes through Galliformes). Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Sciences 8: 195-335.

Burney, D.A., Pigott Burney, L., Godfrey, L.R., Jungers, W.L., Goodman, S.M., Wright, H.T. and Jull, A.J.T. (2004). A chronology for late prehistoric Madagascar. Journal of Human Evolution 47: 25-63.

Goodman, S. M. (1999). Holocene bird subfossils from the sites of Ampasambazimba, Antsirabe and Ampoza, Madagascar:Changes in the avifauna of south central Madagascar over the past few millennia. In: Adams, N.J. & Slotow, R.H. (eds) Proc. 22 Int. Ornithol. Congr., Durban: 3071-3083. Johannesburg: BirdLife South Africa.

Goodman, Steven M. (1999). Holocene bird subfossils from the sites of Ampasambazimba, Antsirabe and Ampoza, Madagascar: Changes in the avifauna of south central Madagascar over the past few millennia, pp. 3071-3083. In: Adams, N. J. and Slotow, R. H. (eds.). Proc. 22 Int. Ornithol. Congr., Durban. Johannesburg: BirdLife South Africa.

Grandidier, G. (1902). Observations sur les lémuriens disparus de Madagascar. Collections Alluaud, Gaubert, Grandidier. Bulletin du Muséum d’Histoire naturelle, Paris 7:587-592.

Lambrecht, Kàlmàn. (1933). Handbuch der Palaeornithologie. Gebrüder Borntraeger, Berlin. 1024 pp.

Livezey, Bradley C. (1997). A phylogenetic classification of waterfowl (Aves: Anseriformes), including selected fossil species. Annals of Carnegie Museum 66: 455-494.

Rothschild, Lionel Walter. (1907). Extinct birds: an attempt to write in one volume a short account of those birds which have become extinct in historical times, that is within the last six or seven hundred years: to which are added a few which still exist, but are on the verge of extinction. London: Hutchinson & Co. XXIX + 243 pp. [p. 95-96]

Samonds, Karen E. et al. (2019). A new late Pleistocene subfossil site (Tsaramody, Sambaina basin, central Madagascar) with implications for the chronology of habitat and megafaunal community change on Madagascar’s Central Highlands. Journal of Quaternary Science 34(6): 379-392.

Tyrberg, Tommy. (2009). Holocene avian extinctions, pp. 63-106. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Young, H. Glyn. (1996). The distribution and origins of wildfowl (Anatidae) of western Indian Ocean islands. Biogeographie de Madagascar 1996: 363-367.

Young, H. Glyn, Tonge, Simon J. and Hume, Julian Pender. (1996). Review of Holocene wildfowl extinctions. Wildfowl 47: 167-181.


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