Branta hylobadistes Olson & James, 1991:45




Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status




Hawaiian Islands, USA


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Olson, Storrs L. and James, Helen F. (1991). Descriptions of thirty-two new species of birds from the Hawaiian Islands: Part I. Non-Passeriformes. Ornithological Monographs, No. 45: 1-88.


Other references:

Iwaniuk, Andrew N. et al. (2004). A comparative test of the correlated evolution of flightlessness and relative brain size in birds. J. Zool, Land. 263: 317-327.

James, Helen F. (1995). In Ecological Studies, ed. Vitousek, P. (Springer, Berlin) 115: 87-102. [incomplete reference]

Paxinos, E. E. et al. (2002). MtDNA from fossils reveals a radiation of Hawaiian geese recently derived from the Canada Goose. PNAS 99: 1399-1404.

Watanabe, Junya. (2017). Quantitative discrimination of flightlessness in fossil Anatidae from skeletal proportions. The Auk 134(3): 672-695.

Young, H. Glyn, Tonge, Simon J. and Hume, Julian Pender. (1996). Review of Holocene wildfowl extinctions. Wildfowl 47: 167-181.


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