Branta hylobadistes Olson & James, 1991:45




Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status




Hawaiian Islands, USA


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Olson, Storrs L. and James, Helen F. (1991). Descriptions of thirty-two new species of birds from the Hawaiian Islands: Part I. Non-Passeriformes. Ornithological Monographs, No. 45: 1-88.


Other references:

Iwaniuk, Andrew N. et al. (2004). A comparative test of the correlated evolution of flightlessness and relative brain size in birds. J. Zool, Land. 263: 317-327.

James, Helen F. (1995). In Ecological Studies, ed. Vitousek, P. (Springer, Berlin) 115: 87-102. [incomplete reference]

James HF, Stafford Jr TW, Steadman DW, Olson SL, Martin PS, Jull AJT, and McCoy PC (1987) Radiocarbon dates on bones of extinct birds from Hawaii. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 84, 2350–2354.

Olson SL and James HF (1984) The role of Polynesians in the extinction of the avifauna of the Hawaiian islands. In Martin PS and Klein RG, eds, Quaternary Extinctions: a Prehistoric Revolution, pp. 768–780. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.

Paxinos, E. E., James H, Olson SL, Sorensen MD, Jackson J, and Fleischer R . (2002). MtDNA from fossils reveals a radiation of Hawaiian geese recently derived from the Canada Goose. PNAS 99: 1399-1404.

Sayol, Ferran, Steinbauer, Manuel J., Blackburn, Tim M., Antonelli, Alexandre and Faurby, Søren. (2020). Anthropogenic extinctions conceal widespread evolution of flightlessness in birds. Science Advances 6(49): eabb6095. [Supplementary Material (Data File S1)]

Tyrberg, Tommy. (2009). Holocene avian extinctions, pp. 63-106. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Watanabe, Junya. (2017). Quantitative discrimination of flightlessness in fossil Anatidae from skeletal proportions. The Auk 134(3): 672-695.

Young, H. Glyn, Tonge, Simon J. and Hume, Julian Pender. (1996). Review of Holocene wildfowl extinctions. Wildfowl 47: 167-181.


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