Biziura delautouri Forbes, 1892a:417

New Zealand musk duck, De Latour's duck



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Biziura delautouri Forbes, 1892a (Mar.): Nature 45(1166): 417 – Enfield Swamp, Oamaru, Otago.; Biziura lautouri Forbes, 1892b (May): Trans. N.Z. Inst. 24: 188 – Otago. (nomen nudum); Biziura lobata delautouri Forbes, 1892; Olson 1977, Emu 77: 134.


Conservation Status


Last record: Holocene



New Zealand


Biology & Ecology







Above: New Zealand Musk Duck. Biziura delautouri. From the series: Extinct Birds of New Zealand., 2005, Masterton, by Paul Martinson. Purchased 2006. © Te Papa. CC BY-NC-ND 4.0. Te Papa (2006-0010-1/31)



Original scientific description:

Forbes, Henry Ogg. (1892a). On a recent discovery of the remains of extinct birds in New Zealand. Nature 45(1166): 416-418.


Other references:

Checklist Committee (OSNZ). (2010). Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica (4th ed.). Ornithological Society of New Zealand & Te Papa Press, Wellington. [p. 37]

Checklist Committee (OSNZ). (2022). Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand (5th edition). Ornithological Society of New Zealand Occasional Publication No. 1. Wellington: Ornithological Society of New Zealand. [p. 29]

Cowles, G. S. (1970). The original description by H. O. Forbes of the extinct New Zealand Musk Duck Biziura delautouri. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 90: 166-168.

Forbes, Henry Ogg. (1892b). Preliminary notice of additions to the extinct avifauna of New Zealand. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 24: 185-189.

Harrison, C. J. O. and Walker, C. A. (1970). The extinct musk duck (Biziura) of New Zealand: a re-appraisal of B. latouri. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 90: 6-10.

Horn, P. L. (1983). Subfossil avian remains from Poukawa, Hawkes Bay, and the first record of Oxyura australis (blue-billed duck) from New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 13(1/2): 67-78.

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser. 544 pp.

Lalas, C., Hamel J., Tennyson A. J. D. and Worthy T. H. (2014). Southern extensions for Holocene records of Australian pelican (Pelecanus conspicillatus) and New Zealand musk duck (Biziura delautouri) in New Zealand. Notornis 61(2): 106-108. [automatic download]

Millener, P. R. (1981). The Quaternary avifauna of the North Island, New Zealand. Unpubl. PhD thesis, Department of Geology, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Olson, Storrs L. (1977). Notes on subfossil Anatidae from New Zealand, including a new species of pink-eared duck Malacorhynchus. Emu 77(3): 132-135.

Robertson, H. A., Baird, K. A., Elliott, G. P., Hitchmough, R. A., McArthur, N. J., Makan, T. D., Miskelly, Colin M., O’Donnell, C. F. J., Sagar, P. M., Scofield, R. P., Taylor, G. A. and Michel, P. (2021). Conservation status of birds in Aotearoa New Zealand, 2021. New Zealand Threat Classification Series 36. Department of Conservation, Wellington. 43 pp.

Hugh Robertson, John Dowding, Graeme Elliott, Rod Hitchmough, Colin Miskelly, Colin O’Donnell, Ralph Powlesland, Paul Sagar, Paul Scofield, Graeme Taylor. (2013). Conservation status of New Zealand birds, 2012. New Zealand Threat Classification Series 4. 22 pp.

Rothschild, Lionel Walter. (1907). Extinct birds: an attempt to write in one volume a short account of those birds which have become extinct in historical times, that is within the last six or seven hundred years: to which are added a few which still exist, but are on the verge of extinction. London: Hutchinson & Co. XXIX + 243 pp. [p. 109]

Sayol, Ferran, Steinbauer, Manuel J., Blackburn, Tim M., Antonelli, Alexandre and Faurby, Søren. (2020). Anthropogenic extinctions conceal widespread evolution of flightlessness in birds. Science Advances 6(49): eabb6095. [Supplementary Material (Data File S1)]

Scarlett, R. J. (1969). The occurrence of the musk duck, Biziura lobata (Shaw), in New Zealand. Notornis 26: 57-59.

Tennyson, Alan J. D. and Martinson, P. (2006). Extinct Birds of New Zealand. Te Papa Press, Wellington.

Tyrberg, Tommy. (2009). Holocene avian extinctions, pp. 63-106. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Worthy, Trevor H. (1998). Quaternary fossil faunas of Otago, South Island, New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 28(3): 421-521. [p. 459]

Worthy, Trevor H. (2002). The New Zealand musk duck (Biziura delautouri Forbes, 1892). Notornis 49(1): 19-28.

Worthy, Trevor H. (2004). The Holocene fossil waterfowl fauna of Lake Poukawa, North Island, New Zealand. Tuhinga 15: 77-120. [Holocene record of B. delatouri from Lake Poukawa, North Island]

Worthy TH and Holdaway RN (2002) The Lost World of the Moa. Indiana University Press, Bloomington.

Young, H. Glyn, Tonge, Simon J. and Hume, Julian Pender. (1996). Review of Holocene wildfowl extinctions. Wildfowl 47: 167-181.


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