Anas marecula Olson & Jouventin, 1996:4

Amsterdam (Island) Duck, Amsterdam wigeon



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: 1793 (Barrow, 1806); 1800 (BirdLife International, 2016)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



French Southern Territories


Biology & Ecology




Holotype: USNM 486686 ("complete rostrum")

Type locality: "Amsterdam Island, Southern Indian Ocean"



USNM 486687 to 486708






Original scientific description:

Olson, S. L. and Jouventin, P. (1996). A new species of small flightless duck from Amsterdam Island, southern Indian Ocean (Anatidae: Aves). Condor 98(1): 1-9.


Other references:

Barrow, John. (1806). A voyage to Cochinchina, in the years 1792 and 1793. To which is annexed an account of a journey made in the years 1801 and 1802, to the residence of the chief of the Booshuana nation. London: printed for T. Cadell and W. Davies. [Julian Hume erroneously titles this work: "Some Account of the Public Life, and a Selection from the Unpublished Writings, of the Earl of Macartney. Two volumes"]

BirdLife International. (2012). Anas marecula. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. ( Downloaded on 19 August 2012.

BirdLife International. 2016. Anas marecula. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22728666A94993378. Downloaded on 27 June 2021.

Bourne, W. R. P. et al. (1983). Probable Garganey on St. Paul and Amsterdam Islands, Indian Ocean. Wildfowl 34: 127-129.

Brooks, T. 2000. Extinct species. In: BirdLife International (ed.), Threatened Birds of the World, pp. 701-708. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona and Cambridge, U.K.

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser.

Jouanin, C. and Paulian, P. (1960). Recherches sur des ossements d'oiseaux provenant de I'lle Nouvelle-Amsterdam (Ocean Indien). Proceedings of the XII International Ornithological Congress, Helsinki 1: 368-372.

Livezey, B. C. (1993). Comparative morphometrics of Anas ducks, with particular reference to the Hawaiian Duck Anas wyvilliana, Laysan Duck A. laysanensis, and Eaton's Pintail A. eatoni. Wildfowl 44:75–100.

Martinez, J. (1987). Un nouveau cas probable d'endemisme insulaire: le canard de I'île Amsterdam. Documents des Laboratoires de Géologie de la Faculté des Sciences de Lyon 99: 211-219.

Tyrberg, Tommy. (2009). Holocene avian extinctions, pp. 63-106. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Vélain, C. (1877). La Faune des Iles Saint-Paul et Amsterdam. Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale (Paris) 6: 1-97.

Watanabe, Junya. (2017). Quantitative discrimination of flightlessness in fossil Anatidae from skeletal proportions. The Auk 134(3): 672-695.

Worthy, Trevor H. and Jouventin, Pierre. (1999). The Fossil Avifauna of Amsterdam Island, Indian Ocean. In: Olson, Storrs L., editor. Avian Paleontology at the Close of the 20th Century: Proceedings of the 4th International Meeting of the Society of Avian Paleontology and Evolution, Washington, D.C., 4-7 June 1996. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology 89: 39-65.

Young, H. Glyn, Tonge, Simon J. and Hume, Julian Pender. (1996). Review of Holocene wildfowl extinctions. Wildfowl 47: 167-181.


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