Alopochen sirabensis Andrews, 1897

Madagascar shelduck, Lesser Madagascan sheldgoose



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: c.1400 (Goodman & Rakotozafy, 1997)





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Andrews, C. W. (1897). On some fossil remains of carinate birds from central Madagascar. Ibis 7(3): 343-359. [Abstract]


Other references:

Brodkorb, Pierce. (1964). Catalogue of fossil birds. Part 2 (Anseriformes through Galliformes). Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Sciences 8: 195-335.

Goodman, S. M. (1999). Holocene bird subfossils from the sites of Ampasambazimba, Antsirabe and Ampoza, Madagascar:Changes in the avifauna of south central Madagascar over the past few millennia. In: Adams, N.J. & Slotow, R.H. (eds) Proc. 22 Int. Ornithol. Congr., Durban: 3071-3083. Johannesburg: BirdLife South Africa.

Goodman, Steven M. and Rakotozafy, L. M. A. (1997). Subfossil birds from coastal sites in western and southwestern Madagascar: a paleoenvironmental reconstruction, pp. 257-279. In Goodman, S. M. and Patterson, B. D. (eds.). Natural Change and Human Impact in Madagascar. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Lambrecht, Kàlmàn. (1933). Handbuch der Palaeornithologie. Gebrüder Borntraeger, Berlin. 1024 pp.

Livezey, Bradley C. (1997). A phylogenetic classification of waterfowl (Aves: Anseriformes), including selected fossil species. Annals of Carnegie Museum 66: 455-494.

Nomenjanahary, Zafindratsaravelo B., Hansford, James P., Samonds, Karen E., Ranivoharimanana, Lovasoa and Goodman, Steven M. (2022). Sexual dimorphism and interpopulation size variation in the extinct Malagasy waterbird Alopochen sirabensis (Anseriformes: Anatidae). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie - Abhandlungen 304(2): 115-124.

Rothschild, Lionel Walter. (1907). Extinct birds: an attempt to write in one volume a short account of those birds which have become extinct in historical times, that is within the last six or seven hundred years: to which are added a few which still exist, but are on the verge of extinction. London: Hutchinson & Co. XXIX + 243 pp. [p. 93]

Samonds, Karen E. et al. (2019). A new late Pleistocene subfossil site (Tsaramody, Sambaina basin, central Madagascar) with implications for the chronology of habitat and megafaunal community change on Madagascar’s Central Highlands. Journal of Quaternary Science 34(6): 379-392.

Tyrberg, Tommy. (2009). Holocene avian extinctions, pp. 63-106. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Young, H. Glyn, Tonge, Simon J. and Hume, Julian Pender. (1996). Review of Holocene wildfowl extinctions. Wildfowl 47: 167-181.


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