Alopochen mauritianus Newton & Gadow, 1893

Mauritius sheldgoose, Mauritian sheldgoose, Mauritian shelduck, Malagasy shelduck, Mascarene sheldgoose



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Alopochen mauritiana Newton & Gadow, 1893; Sarcidiornis mauritiana Newton & Gadow 1893; Sarkidiornis mauritiana Newton & Gadow 1893


Conservation Status


Last record: 1693 (BirdLife International, 2012)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Newton, Alfred and Gadow, Hans Friedrich (1893). On additional bones of the Dodo and other extinct birds of Mauritius obtained by Mr. Théodore Sauzier. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 13: 281-302.


Other references:

Andrews, C. W. (1897). On some fossil remains of carinate birds from central Madagascar. Ibis, ser. 7, (3): 343-358, pl. 9, fig. 8.

Barnwell, P. J. (ed.). (1950-54). Extracts from ships' logs visiting Mauritius. Revue Retrospective Ile Maurice 1: 195-198, 259-262, 324-326; 2: 17-24, 79-84, 139-144, 201-208, 265-270, 317-320; 3: 17-22, 77-82, 139-146, 199-210, 267-274, 327-332; 4: 1-6, 131-136, 197-200; 5: 85-94.

BirdLife International. (2012). Alopochen mauritianus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. ( Downloaded on 18 August 2013.

BirdLife International. 2016. Alopochen mauritiana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22728658A94993056. Accessed on 02 July 2022.

Brooks, T. 2000. Extinct species. In: BirdLife International (ed.), Threatened Birds of the World, pp. 701-708. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona and Cambridge, U.K.

Cheke, Anthony S. (1987). An ecological history of the Mascarene Islands, with special reference to extinctions and introductions of land vertebrates, pp. 5-89. In: Diamond, A.W. (ed.). Studies of Mascarene Island birds. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cheke, Anthony S. (2010). Is the bird a Dodo? The wildlife of a mid-seventeenth century drawing of Dutch Mauritius. Archives of Natural History 28(3): 347-351. [17th century sketch]

Cheke, Anthony S. (2013). Extinct birds of the Mascarenes and Seychelles - a review of the causes of extinction in the light of an important new publication on extinct birds. Phelsuma 21: 4-19.

Cheke, Anthony S. and Hume, Julian Pender. (2008). Lost Land of the Dodo. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. 464 pp.

Cowles, Graham S. (1987). The fossil record, pp. 90-100. In: Diamond, A. W. (ed.). Studies of Mascarene Island Birds. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

Hume, Julian Pender. (2013). A synopsis of the pre-human avifauna of the Mascarene Islands, pp. 195-237. In: Göhlich, U.B. & Kroh, A. (eds.). Proceedings of the 8th International Meeting of the Society of Avian Paleontology and Evolution. Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien.

Hume JP. 2014. A review of the past and present bird fauna of the Mascarene Islands. Proc Roy Soc Arts Sci Mauritius 8: 17-82.

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser.

Hume, Julian Pender and Winters, Ria. (2015). Captive birds on Dutch Mauritius: bad-tempered parrots, warty pigeons and notes on other native animals. Historical Biology. DOI:10.1080/08912963.2015.1036750

Khan, S. A. (ed.). (1927). John Marshall in India. Notes and observations in Bengal. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Livezey, Bradley C. (1997). A phylogenetic classification of waterfowl (Aves: Anseriformes), including selected fossil species. Annals of Carnegie Museum 66: 455-494.

Newton, E. and Gadow, H. (1893). IX. On additional bones of the dodo and other extinct birds of Mauritius obtained by Mr. Theodore Sauzier. The Transactions of The Zoological Society of London 13(7): 281-302.

Parish, J.C. The Dodo and the Solitaire: A Natural History; Indiana University Press: Bloomington, IN, USA, 2013; p. xxii, 407. [17th century sketch, formerly attributed to Lamotius (1677)]

Rijsdijk, K.F., Hume, J.P., Bunnik, F.D., Florens, V., Baider, C., Shapiro, B., Plicht, J.v.d., Janoo, A., Griffiths, O., Hoek Ostende, L.W.v.d., Cremer, H. and Vernimmen. T. (2009). Mid-Holocene vertebrate bone concentration-lagerstätte on oceanic island Mauritius provides a window into the ecosystem of the Dodo (Raphus cucullatus). Quaternary Science Revues 28: 14-24.

Rothschild, Lionel Walter. (1907). Extinct birds: an attempt to write in one volume a short account of those birds which have become extinct in historical times, that is within the last six or seven hundred years: to which are added a few which still exist, but are on the verge of extinction. London: Hutchinson & Co. XXIX + 243 pp. [p. 101]

Tyrberg, Tommy. (2009). Holocene avian extinctions, pp. 63-106. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Young, H. Glyn, Tonge, Simon J. and Hume, Julian Pender. (1996). Review of Holocene wildfowl extinctions. Wildfowl 47: 167-181.


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