Octochaetus levis (Hutton, 1877)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Lumbricus levis Hutton, 1877


Conservation Status


Last record: 1876

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)



South Island, New Zealand


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Hutton, F.W. 1877. On the New Zealand Earthworms in the Otago Museum. Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand. 9: 350-353.


Other references:

Blakemore, Robert J. (2000). Tasmanian Earthworms CD-ROM Monograph with Review of World Families. VermEcology, Kippax, Canberra.

Blakemore, Robert J. (2008). Checklist of New Zealand Earthworms updated from Lee (1959). Yokohama, Japan: 2006 checklist with valid ICZN (1999) compliant publication for all taxonomic changes therein. Available at:

Blakemore, Robert J. (2010). New zeal for new New Zealand earthworms (Acanthodrilidae, Octochaetidae, Megascolecidae, Lumbricidae: Oligochaeta: Annelida). VermEcology, Japan, 55 pp., CD publication compliant with ICZN (1999: Art. 8).

Blakemore, Robert J. (2012). On Schmarda's lost earthworm and some newly found New Zealand species (Oligochaeta: Megadrilacea: Lumbricidae, Acanthodrilidae, Octochaetidae, & Megascolecidae s. stricto). Journal of Species Research 1(2): 105-132.

Blakemore, Robert J. (2016). Cosmopolitan Earthworms – an Eco-Taxonomic Guide to the Peregrine Species of the World. VermEcology, Yokohama.

Blakemore, Robert J. (2017). Octochaetus levis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T103131793A103132170. Downloaded on 18 September 2021.

Buckley, T. R., Boyer, S., Bartlam, S., Hitchmough, R., Rolfe, J. and Stringer, I. (2015). Conservation status of New Zealand earthworms, 2014. New Zealand Threat Classification Series 10. Department of Conservation, Wellington. 10 pp.

Buckley, Thomas R., Palma, Ricardo L., Johns, Peter Malcolm, Gleeson, Dianne M., Heath, A. C. G., Hitchmough, R. A. and Stringer, I. A. N. (2012). The conservation status of small or less well known groups of New Zealand terrestrial invertebrates. New Zealand Entomologist 35(2): 137-143. [Supplemental Material]

Lee, K. E. (1959). The earthworm fauna of New Zealand. New Zealand Department of Scientific & Industrial Research Bulletin. 130: 1-486.


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