Leodice laurillardi (Quatrefages, 1866)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Eunice laurillardi Quatrefages, 1866; Eunice torquata (non Quatrefages, 1866).—Pruvot & Racovitza, 1895 (in part); Fauvel, 1923 (in part); Campoy, 1982 (in part)


Taxonomic history

Transferred to the genus Leodice by (Arias Rodríguez, 2015 [thesis]; Arias Rodríguez et al., 2015)


Conservation Status

Rediscovered in April 2011 (Arias Rodríguez et al., 2015)



Mediterranean Sea (France: Nice and Marseille & Italy: Palermo) [not recorded again since type collection]; Spain: Bay of Biscay (Gijón, Asturias & Santander Bay) (rediscovered populations)


"However, we expect that L. laurillardi is more widely distributed among the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Iberia and has at times been misidentified as L. torquata. A detailed and widespread sampling campaign and re-examination of museum holdings would be required in order to ascertain the real distribution of this species in Europe."

(Arias Rodríguez et al., 2015:481)


Biology & Ecology

"Leodice laurillardi is known from the littoral shores of the eastern and central Mediterranean (Quatrefages 1866) and northeastern Atlantic Ocean, southern Bay of Biscay, being reported in an intertidal-shallow subtidal rocky-shore community"

(Arias Rodríguez et al., 2015:478)









Original scientific description:

Quatrefages, A. de. (1866 "1865"). Histoire naturelle des Annelés marins et d'eau douce. Annélides et Géphyriens. Librarie Encyclopédique de Roret. Paris. Volume 1. 1-588.


Other references:

Arias Rodríguez, Andrés. (2015). Taxonomic confflicts, hidden diversity and reproductive strategies in Iberian eunicidan polychaetes (Annelida: Eunicida), with special attention to the family Onuphidae. Doctoral thesis, Universidad de Oviedo.

Arias Rodríguez, Andrés et al. (2015). Rediscovery and redescription of Leodice laurillardi (Quatrefages, 1866) comb. nov. (Annelida: Eunicidae)—a rare European polychaete or just an overlooked species? Zootaxa 3964(4): 475-481.

Campoy, A. (1982). Fauna de España. Fauna de Anélidos Poliquetos de la Península Ibérica. Parte 2. EUNSA, Publicaciones de Biología de la Universidad de Navarra, Serie Zoológica (Pamplona), 7, pp. 1-326.

Fauchald, K. (1992) A Review of the Genus Eunice (Polychaeta: Eunicidae) Based upon Type Material. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology number 523. Smithsonian Institution, Washington. 436 pp.

Fauvel, P. (1923). Polychètes errantes. Faune de France. Vol. 5. Librairie de la Faculte des Sciences Paul Lechevalier, Paris. 488 pp.

Grube, A. E. (1870). Bemerkungen iiber Anneliden des Pariser Museums. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 36(1): 281-352.

Pruvot, G. and Racovitza, E. G. (1895). Matériaux pour la faune des annélides de Banyuls. Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale 3(3): 339-492.

Read, G. and Fauchald, K. (ed.). (2021). World Polychaeta Database. Leodice laurillardi (Quatrefages, 1866). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: on 2021-10-29


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