Bifurcaria galapagensis Piccone & Grunow, 1964

Galápagos stringweed



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Blossevillea galapagensis (Piccone & Grunow, 1964); Fucodium galapagense Piccone & Grunow, 1964 (original combination?); Pelvetia galapagensis (Piccone & Grunow, 1964)


Conservation Status


Last record February 1983 (Miller et al. 2007)

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)



Galápagos Islands, Ecuador


Biology & Ecology




At least three collections of this species were made which have been preserved in the Charles Darwin Research Station's herbarium collection:

CDS 17587
CDS 17588
CDS 23195

For full details regarding the collection of these specimens, see: and and






Original scientific description:

Bifurcaria galapegensis (Piccone & Grunow) Womersley 1964: 104 in Womersley, H.B.S. (1964). The morphology and taxonomy of Cystophora and related genera (Phaeophyta). Australian Journal of Botany 12: 53-110, 48 figs, 16 plates.


Other references:

Cinelli, F. and Colantoni, P. (1974). Alcune osservazioni del benthos marino sulle coste recciose delle isole Galápagos (Oceano Pacifico). Gruppo ricerche scientifiche e tecniche subacquee, Firenze. 22 pp.

Guiry, M. D. Bifurcaria galapagensis Database entry on AlgaeBase. Accessed 18 January 2011. (Available online:

Mead, G.W., Silva, P.C., Earle, S.A., Rozaire, C.A. and Janss, E. (1972). R/V Searcher Cruise 72-1 Galápagos Islands and Cocos Island. 49 pp.

Miller, K. A., Garske, L. and Edgar, G. (2007). Bifurcaria galapagensis. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. ( Downloaded on 02 June 2013.

Robinson, G. (1985). The influence of the 1982-83 El Niño on Galápagos marine life. In: G. Robinson and E.M. Del Pino (eds) El Niño en las Islas Galapagos: el evento de 1982-1983, pp. 153-190. Charles Darwin Foundation for the Galápagos Islands, Quito.

Taylor, W. R. (1945). Pacific marine algae of the Allan Hancock Expeditions to the Galápagos Islands. Allan Hancock Pacific Expeditions 12 12(iv): 528 pp.

Wellington, G. M. (1975). The Galápagos coastal marine environments. A resource report to the Department of National Parks and Wildlife. A resource report to the Department of National Parks and Wildlife, Quito. 357 pp.


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