Anadyomene menziesii (J.E.Gray) J.Agardh (1887)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Grayemma menziesii J.E.Gray


Conservation Status

Last recorded: 1802 (Humm, 1956)

Rediscovered on 20 June 1952 (Humm, 1956; Macroalgal Herbarium Consortium)



Gulf of Mexico


Biology & Ecology




Type specimen:



Above: a photo of the holotype of Anadyomene menziesii collected from 20 fathoms in the Gulf of Mexico, Mexico. Photo taken by New York Botanical Garden (NY). Released under (CC BY-NC 3.0) license. Source:


Above: a specimen of Anadyomene menziesii housed in the University of South Florida collection. Photo taken by University of South Florida. Released under (CC BY-NC 4.0) license. Source:


Above: a specimen in the collection of the University Herbarium, University of California, Berkeley. Photo taken by University of California. Released under (CC BY-NC 3.0) license. Source:


Above: a specimen in the collection of the University of Michigan. Photot aken by University of Michigan. Released under (CC BY-NC 3.0) license. Source:



Original scientific description:

Gray, J. E. (1866). On Anadyomene and Microdictyon, with the description of three new allied genera, discovered by Menzies in the Gulf of Mexico. Journal of Botany, British and Foreign 4: 41-51, 65-72, pl. 44.


Other references:

Agardh, J. G. (1887). Till algernes systematik. Nya bidrag. (Femte afdelningen.). Acta Universitatis Lundensis 23(2): 1-174, 5 pls.

Dawes, C. J. (1974). Marine algae of the west coast of Florida. pp. 201. Coral Gables, Florida: Univ. of Miami Press.

Dawes, C. J. and Mathieson, A. C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 05 January 2008. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway.; searched on 24 September 2023

Humm, Harold J. (1956). Rediscovery of Anadyomene Menziesii, A Deep-Water Green Alga from the Gulf of Mexico. Bulletin of Marine Science 6(4): 346-348.

Littler, D. S. and Littler, M. M. (1991). Systematics of Anadyomene species (Anadyomenaceae, Chlorophyta) in the tropical western Atlantic. Journal of Phycology 27: 101-118, 57 figs, 2 tables. 

Pedroche, F. F. and Sentíes, A. (2020). Diversidad de macroalgas marinas en México. Una actualización florística y nomenclatural. Cymbella 6(1): 4-55, 4 figs, 1 table.

Suárez, A. M., Martínez-Daranas, B., Alfonso Sánchez, Y., Moreira-González, A. R. and Capote, J. (2023). Lista actualizada de las macroalgas marinas cubanas. Acta Botanica Mexicana 130(e2196): 1-61, 1 fig., 2 table.

Taylor, W. R. (1960). Marine algae of the eastern tropical and subtropical coasts of the Americas. pp. [i]-xi, 1-870, 14 figs, 80 pls. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press.

Wynne, M.J. (2022). Checklist of benthic marine algae of the tropical and subtropical Western Atlantic: fifth revision. Nova Hedwigia Beiheft 153: [1]-180, 2 tables.


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