Plesiorycteropus madagascariensis Filhol, 1895

Malagasy aardvark, Bibymalagasy



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Myoryctes rapeto Forsyth Major, 1908; Hypogeomys boulei G. Grandidier, 1912; Majoria rapeto Thomas, 1915


Conservation Status


Last record: subfossil





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Filhol, H. (1895). Observations concernant les mammiferes contemporains des Aepyornis a Madagascar. Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 1: 12-14.


Other references:

Alcover, Josep Antoni et al. (1998). Mammal Species of the World: Additional Data on Insular Mammals. American Museum Novitates 3248, 29 pp., 1 table.

Asher, R. J. (2005). Insectivoran-grade placentals. In The rise of placental mammals: origins and relationships of the major extant clades (ed. K.D. Rose & J.D. Archibald), pp. 50-70. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Buckley, M. (2013). A Molecular Phylogeny of Plesiorycteropus Reassigns the Extinct Mammalian Order ‘Bibymalagasia’. PLoS ONE 8(3): e59614.

Burney, David A. et al. (1997). Environmental change, extinction and human activity: evidence from caves in NW Madagascar. Journal of Biogeography 24: 755-767.

Carleton, A. (1936). The limb bones and vertebrae of the extinct lemurs of Madagascar. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1936: 281-307.

Forsyth Major, C. I. (1908). A giant sub-fossil rat from Madagascar, Myoryctes rapeto gen. et sp. nov. (subscription required). Geological Magazine 5(5): 97–98.

Grandidier, G. (1912). Une nouvelle espece subfossile d'Hypogeomys, l'H. boulei, G. G. Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 18: 10-11.

Holmes, Branden. (2021). What's Lost and What Remains: The Sixth Extinction in 100 Accounts (eBook). Self published.

Lamberton, C. (1946). Contribution a la connaissance de la faune subfossile de Madagascar. Note XV . Le Plesiorycteropus madagascariensis Filhol. Bull. Acad. Malgache, N. S., 25: 25-53.

Lavocat, R. (1958). Tubulidentata. In: J. Pivetau (ed.), Traite de Paleontologie, aris: Masson et Cie 6(2): 139-144.

MacPhee, R. D. E. (1994). Morphology, adaptations, and relationships of Plesiorycteropus, and a diagnosis of a new order of eutherian mammals. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 220:1–214.

Patterson, B. (1975). The fossil aardvarks (Mammalia: Tubulidentata). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard University 147(5): 185–237.

Tatersall, I. (1973). A note on the age of the subfossil site of Apasambazimba Miarinaviro Province, Malagasy Republic. Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 2520: 1-6.

Thomas, O. (1915). Notes on the Asiatic bamboo-rats (Rhizomys, etc.). Annals and Magazine of Natural History 16(8): 56-61.

Turvey, Samuel T. (2009). Holocene mammal extinctions, pp. 41-61. In: Turvey, Samuel T. (ed.). Holocene Extinctions. Oxford, UK & New York, USA: Oxford University Press. xii + 352 pp.

Turvey, Samuel T. and Fritz, Susanne A. (2011). The ghosts of mammals past: biological and geographical patterns of global mammalian extinction across the Holocene. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 366(1577): 2564-2576. [Supplementary Information]


<< Back to the Afrosoricida/Tenrecoidea (Golden Moles and Tenrecs) database