Cryptochloris wintoni Broom, 1907:264
De Winton's golden mole
Taxonomy & Nomenclature
Last record: c.1950
IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)
Restricted to the type locality of Port Nolloth, South Africa, this species of golden mole has not been seen for more than 50 years, and is therefore possibly extinct. However, moles are notoriously secretive animals so the probability of them having become extinct is less than it would be if they were a conspicuous species.
Port Nolloth, Little Namaqualand, Northern Cape Province, South Africa
Biology & Ecology
Only known from 3 specimens (Bronner, 2008).
Type locality: Port Nolloth, Northern Cape Province, South Africa.
Original scientific description:
Broom, R. (1907). On some new species of Chrysochloris. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 19: 262-268.
Bronner, G. N. (1997). Golden moles (Chrysochloridae). In: The Complete Book of Southern African Mammals, (eds) G. Mills & L. Hes. Struik Publishers, Cape Town
Bronner, G. N. (2008). Cryptochloris wintoni. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. (http://www.iucnredlist.org). Downloaded on 09 September 2012.
Bronner, G. N. (2013). Cryptochloris wintoni De Winton's Goldenmole. Pages 250–251 in Kingdon J, Happold D, Hoffmann M, Butynski T, Happold M, Kalina J, editors. Mammals of Africa, Volume I: Introductory Chapters and Afrotheria. Bloomsbury Publishing, London, UK.
Asher, Robert J., and Avery, D. Margaret. (2010). New Golden Moles (Afrotheria, Chrysochloridae) from the Early Pliocene of South Africa. Palaeontologia Electronica 13(1); 3A: 12p; http://palaeo-electronica.org/2010_1/213/index.html [radiograph of the forelimb of Cryptochloris wintoni]
Simonetta, Alberto M. (1968). A new golden mole from Somalia with an appendix on the taxonomy of the family Chrysochloridae (Mammalia, Insectivora). Monitore Zoologico Italiano. Supplemento, 2: 27-55.
Skinner, J. D. and Smithers, R. H. N. (1990). Mammals of the Southern African Subregion, 2nd edition. Pretoria: University of Pretoria.
Meester, J. (1974). Family Chrysochloridae. Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution Press.
Meester, J. (1976). South African red data book–small mammals. S. Afr. Natl. Sci. Programmes Rept. 11: vi + 59 pp.