Calcochloris tytonis (Simonetta, 1968:31)

Somali golden mole



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Chlorotalpa tytonis (Simonetta, 1968:31); Amblysomus tytonis Simonetta, 1968:31 (original combination)


Conservation Status


Last record: 1964 or before

IUCN RedList status: Data Deficient


The Somali golden mole is only known from a partial skull recovered from an owl pellet in 1964 from Giohar, Somalia. This species may or may not still be extant, as it is uncertain whether sufficient sampling at the type locality and any other potential habitat has been undertaken (Bronner, 2008).



Giohar, Somalia


Biology & Ecology




Only known from the holotype (Simonetta, 1968; Bronner, 2008).






Original scientific description:

Simonetta, Alberto M. (1968). A new golden mole from Somalia with an appendix on the taxonomy of the family Chrysochloridae (Mammalia, Insectivora). Monitore zoologici Italiano, Supplement 2: 27-55.


Other references:

Bronner, G. N. (1995). Systematic revision of the golden mole genera Amblysomus, Chlorotalpa and Calcochloris (Insectivora:Chrysochloromorpha; Chrysochloridae). Ph.D. thesis, University of Natal, Durban.

Bronner, G. (2008). Calcochloris tytonis. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. ( Downloaded on 09 September 2012.

Girling, Richard. (2014). The Hunt for the Golden Mole: All Creatures Great & Small and Why They Matter. Counterpoint. 312 pp.

Meester, J. (1974). Family Chrysochloridae. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, USA.

Petter, F. (1981). Remarques sur la systématique des Chrysochloridés. Mammalia 45: 49-53.

Tafesse , Israel Sebsibe and Yohannes, Yordanos Berihun. (2022). New conservation status for data-deficient endemic mammals of East Africa. Journal for Nature Conservation 65: 126121.


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