Neophrontops americanus Miller, 1916

American neophrontops



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status




North America


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Miller, Loye H. (1916). Two vulturid raptors from the Pleistocene of Rancho La Brea. Univ. Calif. Pub. Dept. Geol. 9: 105-109.


Other references:

Emslie, S. D. (1985). The Late Pleistocene (Rancholabrean) Avifauna of Little Box Elder Cave. In: Contributions to Geology, vol. 23. University of Wyoming, Wyoming. 1985: 63-82.

Guthrie, D. A. 2009. An updated catalogue of the birds from the Carpinteria Asphalt, Pleistocene of California. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 108(2):52-62.

Harris, Arthur H. (1993). Quaternary vertebrates of New Mexico, pp. 179-197. In: Vertebrate Paleontology in New Mexico, New Mexico Museum of Natural History, Bulletin 2:i-vii, 1-338.

Hertel, Fritz. (1995). Ecomorphological indicators of feeding behavior in recent and fossil raptors. The Auk 112(4): 890-903.

Howard, H. 1932. Eagles and eagle-like vultures of the Pleistocene of Rancho La Brea. Contributions in Paleontology, Carnegie Institution of Washington 429:1-82 + 29 pls.

Howard, H. 1971. Quaternary avian remains from Dark Canyon Cave, New Mexico. Condor 73(2):237-240.

Jefferson, G. T. 1991. A catalogue of Late Quaternary vertebrates from California. Part one; nonmarine lower vertebrate and avian taxa. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County Technical Reports 5: 1-60.

Olson, Sara M. et al. (2022). Stasis in Neophrontops americanus (Egyptian vultures) from La Brea tar pits during the last glacial-interglacial cycle. in: Lucas et al., 2022, Fossil Record 8. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin 90: 325-330.

Stock, C., and J. M. Harris. 1992. Rancho la Brea: A record of Pleistocene life in California. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series no. 37, 7th ed.:i-xiv + 1-113.

Vickers-Rich, Patricia. (1977). Temporal range extension of Neophrontops americanus (Accipitridae). Condor 79(4): 494-495.


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