Gyps melitensis Lydekker, 1890

Maltese vulture



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status




Austria, Corsica, Crete, France, Germany, Hungary, Malta, Sardinia, Sicily and Spain


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Lydekker, R. (1890). On the remains of some large extinct birds from the cavern-deposits of Malta. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 28: 403-411. [Abstract]


Other references:

Hunt, Christopher O. and Schembri, Patrick J. (1999). Quaternary environments and biogeography of the Maltese Islands, pp. 41-75. In: Mifsud, A. and Savona Ventura, C. (eds.). Facets of Maltese Prehistory. Malta: The Prehistoric Society of Malta, vii + 243 pp.

Manegold, Albrecht and Hutterer, Rainer. (2021). First substantial evidence for Old World vultures (Aegypiinae, Accipitridae) from the early Palaeolithic and Iberomaurusian of Morocco. PalZ. doi:

Marco, Antonia Sanchez. (2007). New Occurrences of the Extinct Vulture Gyps melitensis (Falconiformes, Aves) and a Reappraisal of the Paleospecies. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 27(4): 1057-1061. [Abstract]

Marra F., Pandolfi L., Petronio C., Di Stefano G., Gaeta M. & Salari L., 2014. Reassessing the sedimentary deposits and vertebrate assemblages from Ponte Galeria area (Rome, central Italy): an archive for the Middle Pleistocene faunas of Europe. Earth-Science Reviews 139: 104–122.

Mlíkovský, Jiří. (2002). Cenozoic Birds of the World: Part 1: Europe. Praha, Czech Republic: Ninox Press.

Pavia, M. (2001). The Middle Pleistocene fossil avifauna from the "Elephas mnaidriensis Faunal Complex" of Sicily (Italy): preliminary results, pp. 497-501. In: Cavarretta, C., Gioia, P., Mussi, M. and Palombo, M. R. (eds.). The World of Elephants – International Congress, Rome. Proceedings of the 1st international congress – Consiglio nazionale delle ricerche, Rome. [automatic download]

Pavia, Marco et al. (2018). A new Middle Pleistocene bird assemblage from Cava di Breccia di Casal Selce (Ponte Galeria, Rome, Italy). Avocetta 42: 31-38.

Sardella R., Bedetti C., Iurino D.A., Pavia M. & Bellucci L., 2015. Comment on “Reassessing the sedimentary deposits and vertebrate assemblages from Ponte Galeria area (Rome, central Italy): An archive for the Middle Pleistocene faunas of Europe” by F Marra, L Pandolfi, C Petronio, G Di Stefano, M Gaeta, L. Salari [2014, Earth-Science Reviews. 139: 104– 122]. Earth-Science Reviews 147: 201–203.

Weesie, P. D. M. (1987). The Quaternary Avifauna of Crete, Greece. PhD. Thesis, Utrecht University, Utrecht. 90 pp. with 10 plates.


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