Chondrohierax wilsonii (Cassin, 1847:199)

Cuban kite, Cuban hook-billed kite



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synontm/s: Cymindis Wilsonii Cassin, 1847:199 (original combination)


Conservation Status

Last record: 2001

Rediscovered in 2009

Last record: 2010 (Mittermeier et al., 2022)

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered





Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Cassin, John. (1847). Description of a new rapacious Bird in the Museum of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 3(8): 199-200.

Other references:

AOU. 1998. Check-list of North American birds. American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.

Banks R.C, R.T. Chesser, C. Cicero, J.L. Dunn, A.W. Kratter, I.J. Lovette, P.C. Rasmussen, J.V. Remsen Jr., J.D. Rising, D.F. Stotz, and K. Winker. (2008). Forty-ninth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union check-list of North American Birds. Auk 125: 758-768.

BirdLife International. 2016. Chondrohierax wilsonii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22728485A94988100. Downloaded on 13 February 2017.

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. (2014). HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

Espinosa, J., and J. Ortega. 2009. Moluscos terrestres de Cuba. Sociedad Cubana de Zoología/Spartacus Foundation, Vaasa, Findland. 191 pp.

Gallardo, Julio C. and Thorstrom, Russell. (2019). Status and Conservation of the Raptors in the West Indies: A Review. Caribbean Naturalist, Special Issue No. 2: 90-134.

Gálvez-Aguilera, X.; Berovides-Alvarez, V. 1997. The status of the Cuban Kite (Chondrohierax wilsonii) in eastern Cuba. Pitirre 10: 25.

Garrido, O. H.; Kirkconnell, A. 2000. Field guide to the birds of Cuba. Comstock / Cornell University Press, Ithaca.

Johnson, J. A., Thorstrom, R. and Mindell, D. P. (2007). Systematics and conservation of the hook-billed kite including the island taxa from Cuba and Grenada. Animal Conservation 10: 349-359.

Kirkconnell, A. (2012). Chondroierax wilsonii Cassin 1847. Pp. 213–214, In H. González, L. Rodríguez, A. Rodríguez, C.A. Mancina, and I. Ramos García (Eds.). Libro Rojo de los Vertebrados de Cuba. Editorial Academia, La Habana, Cuba. 303 pp.

Kirkconnell, A. and Begue, G. 2010. Inform to Birdlife about the Cuban Kite Expedition conducted in May, 2010.

Knox, Alan G. and Walters, Michael P. (1994). Extinct and endangered birds in the collections of The Natural History Museum. British Ornithologists' Club Occasional Publications 1: 1-292.

Mittermeier, John C. et al. (2022). Fantastic lost birds and how you can help find them: an updated gap analysis for the Neotropical avifauna. Neotropical Birding 31: 25-32.

Raffaele, H., Wiley, J., Garrido, O., Keith, A., and Raffaele, J. 1998. Birds of the West Indies. Christopher Helm, London.

Rodríguez-Santana, F. (2009). Distribución y conservación de las aves rapaces del orden Falconiformes en Cuba. Ph.D. Dissertation. Universidad de Alicante, Alicante, Spain.

Wiley, J. W. (1986). Habitat change and its effects on Puerto Rican raptors. Birds of Prey Bulletin 3: 51-56.


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