Buteogallus fragilis Miller, 1911

Fragile eagle, Águila frágil



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status


Last record: Late Pleistocene



California and New Mexico, USA


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Miller, L. (1911). A series of eagle tarsi from the Pleistocene of Rancho La Brea. Univ. Calif. Publ. Bull. Depart. Geol. 6:305-316. 


Other references:

Emslie, Steven D. (1998). Avian community, climate, and sea-level changes in the Plio-Pleistocene of the Florida Peninsula. Ornithological Monographs, No. 50: iii + 113 pp.

Harris, Arthur H. (1993). Quaternary vertebrates of New Mexico, pp. 179-197. In: Vertebrate Paleontology in New Mexico, New Mexico Museum of Natural History, Bulletin 2:i-vii, 1-338.

Hertel, Fritz. (1995). Ecomorphological indicators of feeding behavior in recent and fossil raptors. The Auk 112(4): 890-903.

Howard, H. and Miller, A. H. (1933). Bird remains from cave deposits in New Mexico. Condor 35: 15-18.

Suárez, William. (2020). The fossil avifauna of the tar seeps Las Breas de San Felipe, Matanzas, Cuba. Zootaxa 4780(1): 1-53. [Abstract]

Suárez, William. (2022). Catalogue of Cuban fossil and subfossil birds. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 142(1): 10-74.


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