Euryapteryx gravis Owen, 1870

Greater broad-billed moa, Stout-legged moa



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Euryapteryx pygmaeus Hutton, 1891:249; Euryapteryx curtus gravis Owen, 1870


Conservation Status

Last record: Holocene



South Island (& Stewart Island), New Zealand


Biology & Ecology




NMNZS.24322 (single left and right tarsometatarsi, holotype of Euryapteryx pygmaeus)






Anderson, A. (1989). Prodigious Birds. Moas and Moa-Hunting in New Zealand. Cambridge University Press. 238 pp.

Fuller, Errol. (1988). Extinct Birds. New York: Facts on File Publications. 256 pp.

Hutton, F. W. (1891). On the classification of moas. New Zealand Journal of Science (newissue) 1: 247–249.

Huynen, L. and Lambert, D. M. (2014). Complex Species Status for Extinct Moa (Aves: Dinornithiformes) from the Genus Euryapteryx. PLoS ONE 9(3): e90212.

Rawlence, Nicolas J. et al. (2009). DNA content and distribution in ancient feathers and potential to reconstruct the plumage of extinct avian taxa. Proceedings of the Royal Society, B  276(1672): 3395-3402.

Hugh Robertson, John Dowding, Graeme Elliott, Rod Hitchmough, Colin Miskelly, Colin O’Donnell, Ralph Powlesland, Paul Sagar, Paul Scofield, Graeme Taylor. (2013). Conservation status of New Zealand birds, 2012. New Zealand Threat Classification Series 4. 22 pp.

Tennyson, Alan J. D. and Bartle, J. A. (2008). Catalogue of type specimens of birds in the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa. Tuhinga 19: 185-207.

Trotter, M. M. (1965). Avian remains from North Otago archaeological sites. Notornis 12(3): 176-178.

Williams, G. R. (1962). Extinction and the land and freshwater-inhabiting birds of New Zealand. Notornis 10(1): 15-32.

Williams, P. (1980). Metro cave. A survey of scientific and scenic resources. Report to N.Z. Forest Service.

Wood, Jamie R., Rawlence, Nicolas J., Rogers, Geoffrey M., Austin, Jeremy J., Worthy, Trevor H. and Cooper, Alan. (2008). Coprolite deposits reveal the diet and ecology of the extinct New Zealand megaherbivore moa (Aves, Dinornithiformes). Quaternary Science Reviews 27(27-28): 2593-2602.

Worthy, T. H. and Scofield, R. P. (2012). Twenty-first century advances in knowledge of the biology of moa (Aves: Dinornithiformes): a new morphological analysis and moa diagnoses revised. NZ J. Zoology 39(2): 87-153. [Abstract]


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