The Recently Extinct Plants and Animals Database

Nymphaea thermarum Eb.Fisch.

Pygmy Rwandan water lily



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status

Last record: 1987?

IUCN RedList status: Extinct in the Wild



Mashyuza, Rwanda (southwest)


Biology & Ecology










Fischer, Eberhard. (1993). Taxonomic results of the BRYOTROP-Expedition to Zaire and Rwanda. Tropical Bryology 8: 13-37.

Humphreys, Aelys M., Govaerts, Rafaël, Ficinski, Sarah Z., Lughadha, Eimear Nic and Vorontsova, Maria S. (2019). Global dataset shows geography and life form predict modern plant extinction and rediscovery. Nature Ecology & Evolution 3: 1043-1047. [Abstract] [Supplementary Dataset 1]

Juffe, D. (2010). Nymphaea thermarum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. ( Downloaded on 31 January 2015.

Magdalena, C. (2009). Nymphaea thermarum - The world's tiniest waterlily doesn't grow in water! Water Gardeners International 4: 4.

Povilus, Rebecca A., Losada, Juan M. and Friedman, William E. (2015). Floral biology and ovule and seed ontogeny of Nymphaea thermarum, a water lily at the brink of extinction with potential as a model system for basal angiosperms. Annals of Botany 115(2): 211-226.


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