The Recently Extinct Plants and Animals Database

enfrdeitjaptrues

Deloneura immaculata

 

Species Authority
Trimen, 1868
Synonym/s
Common Name
Pale Yellow Bashee River buff, Mbashe River buff, Bashee River buff
Locality
near Fort Bowker, overlooking the Mbashe River, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa
Last Record
Between 27 December, 1863 and 1 January, 1864
IUCN status
[url=https://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/6331/0]Extinct[/url]
TSE Forum thread
https://extinctanimals.proboards.com/thread/1877/deloneura-immaculata
Hypodigm
[i]"Only three female specimens have ever been collected, all at the type locality...Of the three known specimens, two are in the South African Museum (SAM) in Cape Town, and one is in The Natural History Museum (BMNH) in London."[/i]
 
(Henning et al. 2009:28,29)
 
[b]Type locality:[/b] "Bashee River, Kaffraria".
Notes
The Mbashe River Buff (Deloneura immaculata) was last recorded in 1864 according to (Samways, 1996). However, (Henning et al. 2009) state that a single specimen was collected on the 27th of December, 1863, and the two other known specimens were collected between then and the 1st of January, 1864. Hence it is more likely that the last record was in 1863, four of the days (28, 29, 30 and 31) falling in 1863 with only January 1 falling in 1864. This assumption is strengthened by (Henning et al. 2009) stating that the species is "known only from 3 specimens caught in 1863" (p. 92).
 
A watercolour of this species can be found [url=https://extinctanimals.proboards.com/index.cgi?action=display&board=recentinsects&thread=1877&page=1]here[/url]. Photographs of the two specimens in the SAM collection can be seen in (Henning et al. 2009:116).
References
[b]Species Bibliography:[/b]
 
D’Abrera 2009:662
 
Henning, Graham. (2014). [url=https://www.lepsoc.org.za/index.php?option=com_jdownloads&task=download.send&id=78&catid=11&m=0&Itemid=401]Lepidoptera Conservation in South Africa–Part 1[/url]. Babbel Blues 2(Spring): 17-24.
 
Henning, G. A., Terblanche, R. F. and Ball, J. B. (eds.). (2009). [url=https://www.sanbi.org/sites/default/files/documents/documents/biodiversity13butterflies.pdf]South African Red Data Book: butterflies[/url]. SANBI Biodiversity Series 13. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. 158 pp.
 
Samways, Michael J. (1996). Insects on the brink of a major discontinuity. Biodiversity and Conservation 5(9): 1047-1058. [[url=https://www.springerlink.com/content/vq21x87qt4770r4h/]Abstract[/url]]
 
World Conservation Monitoring Centre. (1996). Deloneura immaculata. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. (https://www.iucnredlist.org). Downloaded on 05 May 2012.
 
https://www.artensterben.de/details.php?id=441
 
https://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/world/la-fg-south-africa-butterflies-20130717-dto,0,6267191.htmlstory
 
https://xerces.org/butterflysg/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/2015.03.31-Annual-report-COREL-programme-2014-2015.pdf