The Recently Extinct Plants and Animals Database


Neonympha mitchellii francisci Parshall and Kral, 1989

St. Francis’ satyr, Saint Francis' satyr


North Carolina, USA
Last Record
Rediscovered in
IUCN status
Not evaluated
TSE forum thread
[b]Original Scientific Description:[/b]

Parshall, D. K. and Kral, T. W. (1989). A new subspecies of Neonympha mitchellii (French) (Satyridae) from North Carolina. Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society 43(2):114-119.

[b]Species Bibliography:[/b]

Aschehoug ET, Sivakoff FS, Cayton HL, Morris WF, Haddad NM. Habitat restoration affects immature stages of a wetland butterfly through indirect effects on predation. Ecology. 2015;96(7):1761–7.

Cayton H, Haddad NM, Ball B, Henry E, Aschehoug E. Habitat restoration as a recovery tool for a disturbance-dependent butterfly, the endangered St. Francis’ satyr. Butterfly Conservation in North America: Springer; 2015. p. 147–59.

Haddad, Nick, M. (2018). [url=]Resurrection and resilience of the rarest butterflies[/url]. PLoS Biol 16(2): e2003488.

Kuefler D, Haddad NM, Hall S, Hudgens B, Bartel B, Hoffman E. Distribution, population structure, and habitat use of the endangered St. Francis’ satyr butterfly, Neonympha mitchellii francisci. American Midland Naturalist. 2008;159:298–320.

Milko LV, Haddad NM, Lance SL. Dispersal via stream corridors structures populations of the endangered St. Francis’ satyr butterfly (Neonympha mitchellii francisci). Journal of Insect Conservation. 2012;16(2):263–73.

Refsnider R. Emergency rule to list Mitchell’s satyr as endangered. In: USFWS, editor. Federal Register 1991. p. 28825–8.